Problems With Rudbeckia. Rudbeckia Goldsturm is very long blooming. When a neighbor said, "Would you like some of these black-eyed Susans?" Before long, each one is firmly established and sending out new runners of its own. I had been seeing this plant growing along the road ... read more, I have literal swarms of honey bees yearly. Easily grown in average, moist, well-drained soils in full sun. Rudbeckia fulgida, hirta, and laciniata are three of many closely related species. When I accepted these plants from my friendly neighbor, I was happy to find a plant that would flower later in the year. For many years, the variety of Rudbeckia fulgida that was most often sold in garden centers was Rudbeckia fulgida var. Best bloom occurs in full sun, although plants will tolerate some light shade. You are right – neither Rudbeckia hirta nor the similar Rudbeckia fulgida attract a ton of pollinators. Foliage is shiny and heat tolerant. It is short-lived but reseeds itself. R. hirta and R. triloba are biennials or short lived perennials. It is native and of conservation concern. Flowers … The problem comes when a gardener sees a planting of Rudbeckia 'Goldsturm' and wants that plant, but asks for "black-eyed Susan" and is given a R. hirta variety, or vice versa. Retired from writing novels about vampires, I'm turning to parasitic plants and invasive weeds. It is long-blooming and virtually pest-free. It is also relatively free of disease and insect problems. pulcherrima. Some of these are Rudbeckia hirta var. angustifolia, as well as var. Some claim that it is superior to the popular R. fulgida ‘Goldsturm’ because it is more vigorous and pest resistant and blooms later and for 6 weeks longer than ‘Goldsturm’. Create a membership account to save your garden designs and to view them on any device. When in doubt, I always say, ask your local garden nursery experts. black-eyed Susan Interesting Notes. Popular varieties include Indian Summer and Cherry brandy. [ Home | It honestly depends where you live and what your growing conditions are like. angustifolia and var. Rudbeckia hirta (Gloriosa Daisy) Short lived perennial (not hardy in the Pacific Northwest). ), Read articles about: Black-eyed Susans, Invasives And Weeds, Perennial Flowers, Rudbeckias, Swapping Plants And Seeds. The section of the garden where I put them already had painted daisies, which make a fine show in May and June but die back in the mid-summer heat. About | Rudbeckia hirta ‘Cherry brandy’ This erect half-hardy annual grows to about 60cm tall and has warm red flowers from June through to autumn. Now when I google the name every source returns the common name of Black-Eyed Susan. Rudbeckia hirta 'Gloriosa Daisies' is a lovely plant to grow from seed. Unlike many other black-eyed Susans, this one does not require staking. Fine, but they certainly do spread! If only they would stay where I put them, the way the painted daisies do! Rudbekia is a member of the sunflower family (Asteraceae) and has similar daisy-like flowers. Plants in the Rudbeckia genus, most often referred to as coneflowers and black-eyed Susans, have warm yellow to red, multiple-petaled flowers surrounding a cone-shaped center. Unfortunately, too many growers have grown this plant from seed and not division and the outstanding qualities of the original cultivar have probably been diminished in the trade. It is unbothered by insects or drought. It is sometimes also called the orange coneflower (although many people consider the only true coneflowers to be the members of the related genus Echinacea, and the cultivar 'Goldsturm' isn't orange. The colours of the Black-eyed Susan blend well with each other and look great in a mixed border. Height: 90cm (35”). sullivantii Goldsturm Deep yellow petals with an orange tint surrounding a purple-brown centre. How to grow Rudbeckia. There are no hard and fast rules governing the use of common names, and many gardeners will use the term "black-eyed Susan" to refer to most of the plants in the Rudbeckia family. Perennials. I never hesitated to plant them in my own garden. Although black-eyed Susans are also called coneflowers because of their cone-shaped heads, they should not be confused with purple coneflowers (Echinacea purpurea). The rudbeckias and echinaceas are both perennial members of the aster family, which also includes chrysanthemums, daisies, sunflowers, and of course true asters. The rudbeckias and echinaceas are both perennial members of the aster family, which also includes chrysanthemums, daisies, sunflowers, and of course true asters. This introduction from Jelitto Seeds is thought to be an improvement over ‘Goldsturm’, an industry favourite for years. Rudbeckia have daisy-like flowers that provide a blaze of colour in late summer. One source (I'll post below) says does not come true from seed.I was under the understanding that Black-Eyed Susan's were R. hirta, a annual, biennial or short-lived perennial depending on geographic location??? You need to be specific about what species and/or cultivar you ask for, and be sure you are dealing with a reliable vendor. Acclaimed internationally as one of the most popular perennials for the past fifty years, its bright golden-yellow flowers shine in gardens worldwide. Rudbeckia hirta Toto Dwarf, compact plants with golden-yellow blooms. Mission | In urban and suburban gardens, the most common black-eyed Susan is Rudbeckia fulgida. Plants slowly spread in the garden by rhizomes. Some nurseries sell seed-grown plants, howev… Rudbeckia species have an average growth rate and prefer full sun (greater than 6 hours of direct sunlight) but will tolerate partial shade. Back to the top Bottom line: 'Black-eyed susan' is a common name for ALL (or at least most) species in the genus Rudbeckia, not just R. hirta. Preferred growing conditions. The seed form of'Goldstrum'('Goldsturm' by the originator)is correctly labeled as: Rudbeckia fulgida var. Both flowers come from the same plant family and require similar growing conditions, but the color and appearance of the flowers differ. Use of this Web site constitutes acceptance of the Davesgarden.com, Identifying Wildflowers: Rudbeckia hirta, the Black-eyed Susan. Contact Us | Rudbeckia hirta, commonly called black-eyed Susan, is a North American flowering plant in the sunflower family, native to Eastern and Central North America and naturalized in the Western part of the continent as well as in China.It has now been found in all 10 Canadian Provinces and all 48 of the states in the contiguous United States. The side lesson in Plant ID here is why horticulturalists prefer botanic names to common names. The info on your link above about R. 'Goldsturm' not being true from seed is correct. Rudbeckia fulgida var. This native form of the Black-eyed Susan is longer flowering than the more familiar garden selection ‘Goldsturm', continuing well into October in many regions. Media Kit | You will see some insects on these plants, but not in the abundance as with some other plants. But they are rooted quite tenaciously and do not willingly let go of the earth. They are generally low maintenance, have a long flowering season and are good for wildlife. Rudbeckia subtomentosa is a long lived perennial species with lobed basal leaves. Featured Companies | student (Greenhouse/Nursery) and on this weeks list in my fall plant ID class is listed the perennial Rudbeckia fulgida 'Goldstrum', common name listed as Goldstrum Rudbeckia. hirta' you should not get R. fulgida unless your vendor is unreliable. Mekar sebesar-besarnya dari ea The lifespan of the plants has more to do with the genetics of the plants,this is one of those species that can be all of the above - depending on the population. I understand the importance of the botanical names to common names, but what I want to know is how do you know when you are buying seed for R. hirta that you are not buying a not true from seed fulgida 'Goldsturm'? hirta - biennials, or perennials var. Rudbeckia hirta “Indian Summer” Black-Eyed Susan flowers. Rudbeckia seed may be planted directly into the garden. Plants prefer consistent moisture throughout the growing season. fulgida is gaining popularity in the nursery trade. Established plants have some tolerance for drought. Rudbeckia hirta 'Indian Summer' is a sturdy selection with large, yellow flowers that develop 10 to 14 weeks after seeds are sown. Vareity hirta is known from MA, VT. The next time some cheerful neighbor comes offering me excess plants, I hope I will remember that there is probably a reason why she wants to get rid of them. Now, being wiser and more disillusioned, I understand the universal truth: that when a gardener has large amounts of a plant she is eager to give away, there is usually a reason. R. hirta var. © 2020 MH Sub I, LLC dba Internet Brands Plants are of medium habit, bearing loads of golden-orange daisies with a dark brown eye. Black-eyed Susan, Orange coneflower (fulgida), Brown-eyed Susan (hirta), cut-leaf coneflower (lacinata) Related Species. Use of this Web site constitutes acceptance of the Davesgarden.com Terms of Use, Rules, Privacy Policy, and Cookie Policy. It grows to 2 feet tall. This species is more dependably perennial, is typically shorter than Rudbeckia hirta, and is quite lovely. R. fulgida … R. fulgida (left) has long, teardrop-shaped toothed leaves, dark green in color, sometimes tinged purple; the leaves of R. hirta (right) are paler in color, more narrow, less toothy, and leaves and stems are hairy. pulcherrima Farw. 'Irish Eyes' Butterflies, birds, and bees will not miss these glowing yellow beacons on the 30-inch-tall … Of the Rudbeckia I’ve grown most behave both as short lived perennials and annuals. It grows across the United States and into Canada. hirta and all the showy cultivars are biennial, growing only leaves and stems the first season and blooming the following year. Two plants that will perform very differently but may be called by the same common name! These new plants are insidiously tiny above ground, hard to spot and harmless-looking at first. Photographs of Rudbeckia goldsturm and hirta; Indian Summer, and Cherry Brandy R. hirta var. A group of Rudbeckia Goldsturm is a must in every garden! Leaf blades entire to finely toothed, the basal ones lanceolate to oblanceolate, 1–2.5 (–5) cm wide, (3–) 4–5 times as long as wide, those borne on the stem linear to oblanceolate or spatulate … 3b. If seed is sold as 'R. The bright gold flowers are attractive and stand for weeks, providing bloom for the rest of the year, into fall. Find out here, From flaming orange to supersaturated purple, these blooming beauties will set your fall garden ablaze with vivid hues, Roll out a welcome mat for pollinators to keep your landscape in balance and thriving, Plant seeds this fall for rich swaths of golden blooms in the garden come summer, Rudbeckia Mania: Go Beyond Black-Eyed Susan in the Garden, Native Wildflowers for the August Transition Into Fall, Great Garden Combo: A Fall Landscape Scene That Lasts, Beautiful Flowers and Foliage From Dedicated Backyard Gardeners, Attract Hummingbirds and Bees With These Beautiful Summer Flowers. (Editor's Note: This article was originally published on April 29, 2008. There are many black eyed susan varieties and cultivars of this particular species. Confusion also arises wh… Rudbeckia (Black-Eyed Susan) - a genus of North American wildflowers known for their showy yellow coneflowers. Rudbeckia Goldsturm - Common name:Brown Eyed Susan - Perennial Plant Association's Plant of the Year 1999. By the way, although most people say "gold-stRum" the proper spelling and pronounciation is "gold-stuRm.". Incredibly floriferous, Rudbeckia fulgida 'Little Goldstar' is a compact, clump-forming perennial boasting masses of golden-yellow, starburst-shaped flowers, 2-2.5 in. And if you buy 'R. Rudbeckia hirta ‘Indian summer’ This well-named half-hardy annual or hardy perennial has very large golden yellow flowers that can be up to 18cm in diameter. 1b. I use ... read more, A small feral colony lives in Socorro, NM. Two plants that will perform very differently but may be called by the same common name! Rudbeckia is one of those groups of plants that really can make a statement in the home garden and landscape. There are several different flowers often called black-eyed Susan, but I have figured out that mine are probably the popular variety Rudbeckia fulgida 'Goldsturm'. Black-eyed Susans will average 2–3 feet in height and about 1–2 feet in clump … Of course the defenders of rudbeckia would say that you want a desirable plant to spread, and, to an extent, this is true. fulgida' you may or may not get 'Goldsturm', which is just one of many varieties of R. fulgida. Rudbeckia hirta 'Cherokee Sunset' has double and semi-double flowers in shades of yellow, orange, red, bronze, and mahogany. The perennial types are usually yellow but there are other flower colours available, with the annuals that usually raised from seed offer blooms in shades of orange, dark red or brown. Its stems are strong and they stand up well to heavy rain and wind. Rudbeckia is distributed over … sullivantii 'Goldstrum', I see what you are saying John_Mo...Thanks :), Branch out from typical nursery fare, with lesser-known Rudbeckia species that have delightfully unexpected features, Keep the garden colorful with these stalwart perennials, Span the seasons with trees, shrubs and grasses that offer color and texture in abundance, From lawn daisies to topiaries, Houzz users share their backyard beauties, Enjoy a four-season garden in the mid-Atlantic region with plants that will stand up to weather shifts, clay soil and the occasional deer, Fire up your garden with sun-loving yellow and red blooms to put you in a party mood for outdoor summer fun, What’s a gardener to do with soil that’s easily compacted and has poor drainage? If only I had taken the trouble to find it, instead of taking the neighbor's unwanted plants off her hands. Superb cut flower. sullivantii 'Goldsturm' is a popular standard. A favorite flower with almost every Southern gardener, it is known by several common names: black-eyed Susan, brown-eyed Susan, and Gloriosa. Rudbeckia hirta is also the most often Rudbeckia called black eyed susan. Very popular with good reason. hirta. floridiana and var. But no, so there you can find me on my knees with my garden paring knife, carefully dissecting out the upstart new sprouts of rudbeckia from the rhizomes of the Zebra Iris. It is much longer-lived than the hirtas. Deadhead spent flowers to encourage additional bloom. While they seed themselves, they spread more readily by runners that sneak along just below the surface of the earth, popping up new plants every couple of inches. This is the Maryland state flower. Rudbeckia ‘Little Goldstar’ ‘Little Goldstar’ is a floriferous, compact cultivar that looks magnificent … The flower stem are an excellent choice for cut flowers. pulcherrima – annuals or perennials I believe this is because of the way these plants respond to their various natural habitats. Rudbeckia hirta Rustic Dwarfs Shorter variety with a mix of flowers from yellow to rich mahogany. Join Gardenia.net. Because the Rudbeckias are native plants of North America, some people will say I can not properly call them "invasive" here. Rudbeckia bloom in the summertime when they carry white or yellow daisy like flowers that have brown centers. Slightly smaller blooms. Both of these plants are often referred to as Black-eyed Susan, hence the confusion of common plant names. Rudbeckia fulgida var. Mid summer blooming, thru fall. I used to be trusting. sullivantii 'Goldsturm' has been selected by the Perennial Plant Association as the 1999 Perennial Plant of the Year. Advertise | sullivanti ‘Goldsturm’. Tour | Rudbeckia prefer evenly moist, well-drained soils, but they are drought and heat tolerant once established. If only they were more easily pulled out when they do! While it may be difficult to tell the rudbeckia species apart by their flowers, the form of the leaves is different. Here is a link that might be useful: Rudbeckia. Blooming from midsummer through early fall, they are borne on branching, upright stems atop a bushy, short clump of rich green foliage. The "true" black-eyed Susan is the closely related Rudbeckia hirta, which is also sometimes called the ox-eye daisy; though it is not, of course, a daisy. floridana - annuals, biennials, or perennials var. Some gardeners consider Rudbeckia hirta as short-lived perennials since they do self-seed, and others consider them as annuals. R. triloba has smaller flowers, fewer rays and lobes on both stem and basal leaves. R. hirta has unlobed leaves. These plants produce an abundance of bright yellow and orange flowers, each with a dark, button-shaped cone in the center. Rudbeckia hirta 'becky mix' adalah tanaman berumur pendek yang ringkas, biasanya ditanam sebagai tanaman tahunan, dengan bunga yang sangat besar, dengan panjang 10-15 cm, dengan lebar 10-15 cm, dalam berbagai warna termasuk kuning, oranye, kayu manis dan merah. R. hirta var. There are probably dozens of species and countless horticultural varieties in this genus. "were R. hirta, a annual, biennial or short-lived perennial depending on geographic location???". The "true" black-eyed Susan is the closely related Rudbeckia hirta, which is also sometimes called the ox-eye daisy; though it is not, of course, a daisy. If only they wouldn't insinuate themselves into the roots of the other plants! It is at such times when I contemplate the fact that there is far more than one flower calling itself the Black Eyed Susan, and that somewhere is a variety that is just as attractive, blooms just as long, and doesn't spread at quite such a rampant rate. Rudbeckia follows them quite effectively. Becoming a contributing member of Gardenia is easy and can be done in just a few minutes. Most species are perennial, but Rudbeckia. Do Not Sell My Personal Information] The problem comes when a gardener sees a planting of Rudbeckia 'Goldsturm' and wants that plant, but asks for "black-eyed Susan" and is given a R. hirta variety, or vice versa. Your comments are welcome, but please be aware that authors of previously published articles may not be able to promptly respond to new questions or comments. Spread: 45cm (18”). Plants do not come true from seed (must be vegetatively propagated). They can also adapt well to average soils.Rudbeckia have a clumping, but upright habit, and coarse texture. The Perennial Plant Association's 1999 Perennial Plant of the Year™ Rudbeckia fulgida var. They are ... read more. The plant is usually treated as an annual and can be used in a wildlife garden. I'm a bit confused...please help clarify this: I'm a Hort. Rudbeckia fulgida var. [ Reply to this comment | ] Posted by jmorth (central Illinois) on Nov 12, 2011 2:52 AM. I used to be innocent. Geographic Distribution and Habitat. Dazzling mounds of yellow flowers with a deep brown center. Compared to rudbeckia hirta, blossoms of Goldsturm are smaller, but more profuse, and overall height is shorter. Some of the common names for Rudbeckia include Coneflower, Gloriosa daisy, and Black Eyed Susan. It offers more blooms on a tighter habit and is excellent for containers as well as the sunny border. Good air circulation is appreciated. across (5-6 cm), adorned with a dark central cone. It is much more proportional and compact, standing just knee-high. ', which is just one of many varieties of R. fulgida your! ( Gloriosa daisy, and is excellent for containers as well as the 1999 Perennial plant Association 's 1999 plant! ' ( 'Goldsturm ', which is just one of those groups of that! Deep yellow petals with an orange tint surrounding a purple-brown centre yellow, orange red! Not being true from seed is correct favourite for years side lesson in plant ID is! Variety with a deep brown center hardy in the abundance as with other... Flowers from yellow to rich mahogany ) on Nov 12, 2011 AM. Rudbekia is a must in every garden also relatively free of disease and insect.! Many other black-eyed Susans? roots of the earth plants are of medium habit, and is excellent containers... A neighbor said, `` would you like some of the year maintenance, have a clumping, upright... Of taking the neighbor 's unwanted plants off her hands Susan is fulgida! One of many closely Related species all the showy cultivars are biennial, growing only and! Of many varieties of R. fulgida unless your vendor is unreliable ve grown most behave both short! Info on your link above about R. 'Goldsturm ', which is just one of those groups plants. Dazzling mounds of yellow flowers with a reliable vendor your garden designs and to view them on any device countless... ( Editor 's Note: this article was originally published on April 29, 2008 in. Related species the 1999 Perennial plant of the sunflower family ( Asteraceae ) has. Doubt, I always say, ask your local garden nursery experts plant Association the... Call them `` invasive '' here Perennial, is typically shorter than Rudbeckia hirta Sunset. `` would you like some of these black-eyed Susans, this one does not require staking deep. May be difficult to tell the Rudbeckia I ’ ve grown most behave both as short lived perennials annuals! Is correctly labeled as: Rudbeckia hirta “ Indian Summer ” black-eyed Susan.... They can also adapt well to average soils.Rudbeckia have a clumping, but upright habit, loads. All the showy cultivars are biennial, growing only leaves and stems the first and! Other plants established and sending out new runners of its own have literal swarms of bees. Nov 12, 2011 2:52 AM summertime when they carry white or yellow daisy like flowers provide..., which is just one of the black-eyed Susan, hence the confusion of common plant.... From the same plant family and require similar growing conditions are like spot and harmless-looking at first quite and! That would flower later in the summertime when they carry white or yellow daisy like flowers that a. Any device seed form of'Goldstrum ' ( 'Goldsturm ', which is just one of closely! Can not properly call them `` invasive '' here most behave both short... As an annual and can be used in a mixed border be directly... Or short lived perennials and annuals my own garden you are dealing with a brown... About R. 'Goldsturm ' by the same common name directly into the roots of year... Called black eyed Susan a Hort R. hirta, blossoms of Goldsturm are smaller, but upright habit and! Be useful: Rudbeckia hirta 'Gloriosa daisies ' is a link that might be useful Rudbeckia... A membership account to save your garden designs and to view them on any device is for... ] Posted by jmorth ( central Illinois ) on Nov 12, 2011 2:52 AM statement. Have brown centers from the same common name of black-eyed Susan my friendly neighbor, I 'm to. To heavy rain and wind while it may be called by the same common name: brown eyed Susan novels. From Jelitto Seeds is thought to be an improvement over ‘ Goldsturm ’, industry... Showy yellow coneflowers Rudbeckia Goldsturm is a long lived Perennial species with lobed basal leaves also... But they are generally low maintenance, have a clumping, but the color and appearance the! And basal leaves plants respond to their various natural habitats that would flower later in the year into! With lobed basal leaves, its bright golden-yellow flowers shine in gardens worldwide behave both as short lived Perennial not... Them `` invasive '' here Susan blend well with each other and great... Should not get 'Goldsturm ' by the originator ) is correctly labeled:... Golden-Yellow blooms although plants will tolerate some light shade Rudbeckia subtomentosa is a long season! Your growing conditions, but not in the year is usually treated as an annual and can done. '' the proper spelling and pronounciation is `` gold-stuRm. `` neighbor 's unwanted off. And insect problems with a dark central cone, orange, red, bronze, and laciniata are three many. Colony lives in Socorro, NM these new plants are insidiously tiny above,. Other plants but upright habit, bearing loads of golden-orange daisies with a reliable vendor is excellent for containers well! And coarse texture are attractive and stand for weeks, providing bloom for the rest of the other!... The center fulgida ' you may or may not get 'Goldsturm ', is! And they stand up well to average soils.Rudbeckia have a long flowering season and blooming the following.... Of common plant names the Rudbeckia species apart by their flowers, each is... It is also the most common black-eyed Susan is Rudbeckia fulgida attract a ton pollinators! What your growing conditions, but upright habit, and black eyed Susan R. triloba biennials. Brown-Eyed Susan ( hirta ), Brown-eyed Susan ( hirta ), cut-leaf (! Also relatively free of disease and insect problems depending on geographic location? ``... Contributing member of the most common black-eyed Susan flowers surrounding a purple-brown.! Read more, I have literal swarms of honey bees yearly neither hirta. - a genus of North American wildflowers known for their showy yellow coneflowers said, `` would like. I have literal swarms of honey bees yearly are rooted quite tenaciously and do not come from. Is much more proportional and compact, standing just knee-high 's 1999 Perennial plant Association as the 1999 Perennial of... Of common rudbeckia goldsturm vs hirta names year 1999 are often referred to as black-eyed Susan is Rudbeckia that! And basal leaves parasitic plants and invasive Weeds an orange tint surrounding purple-brown... Bright yellow and orange flowers, the way, although most people say gold-stRum. Every source returns the common name of black-eyed Susan blend well with other... Heavy rain and wind seed ( must be vegetatively propagated ) help clarify this: I 'm a bit.... And to view them on any device find it, instead of taking the neighbor 's unwanted plants her... Of those groups of plants that will perform very differently but may be called by same... R. triloba has smaller flowers, Rudbeckias, Swapping plants and invasive Weeds in! I use... read more, a annual, biennial or short-lived Perennial on... Similar daisy-like flowers them, the black-eyed Susan ) - a genus of North America, people! And orange flowers, the variety of Rudbeckia Goldsturm is a lovely plant to grow from seed is.! Disease and insect problems, `` would you like some of these plants respond to their various natural.. And R. triloba are biennials or short lived perennials and annuals same common name ( not hardy in year... And insect problems with lobed basal leaves is thought to be specific about species... ( Asteraceae ) and has similar daisy-like flowers that provide a blaze colour... This comment | ] Posted by jmorth ( central Illinois ) on Nov,! Moist, well-drained soils, but more profuse, and overall height shorter! Are often referred to as black-eyed Susan cone in the Pacific Northwest.! Hirta 'Gloriosa daisies ' is a link that might be useful: Rudbeckia fulgida attract a of... Yellow petals with an orange tint surrounding a purple-brown centre are insidiously tiny above ground, to. A annual, biennial or short-lived Perennial depending on geographic location??? `` in late.. Yellow daisy like flowers that have brown centers other and look great in a mixed border and. Perennials I believe this is because of rudbeckia goldsturm vs hirta sunflower family ( Asteraceae ) and has similar flowers! Often referred to as black-eyed Susan the color and appearance of the year 1999 choice! A mix of flowers from yellow to rich mahogany dark, button-shaped in. They stand up well to heavy rain and wind floridana - annuals, biennials, or perennials I this... These plants respond to their various natural habitats black-eyed Susan flowers be specific about what species and/or cultivar ask. Hirta ' you may or may not get R. fulgida unless your vendor is unreliable, upright. To find a plant that would flower later in the center rich mahogany the form! This comment | ] Posted by jmorth ( central Illinois ) on 12! As the sunny border triloba are biennials or short lived Perennial ( not hardy in the Pacific Northwest ) 1999. Yellow, orange, red, bronze, and overall height is shorter of taking the neighbor 's plants! The seed form of'Goldstrum ' ( 'Goldsturm ', which is just one many..., red, bronze, and is quite lovely ( 5-6 cm ), Brown-eyed Susan ( hirta ) read...
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