One person died in Jamaica, and damage was estimated at US$31.7 million. [167] 2020 subsequently became the second such season. [130], A tropical wave emerged from Africa on September 17 and moved across the central Atlantic, hampered by north-northeasterly wind shear. [46] Alpha killed 26 people in the Caribbean. A series of international workshops were established after 2005. [162][163] The names not retired from this list were used again in the 2011 season. Tropical Depression Eight formed on August 2 southwest of Bermuda from a tropical wave that left the African coast on July 22. It was also the first season in which four major hurricanes hit the U.S.. [73], Across the United States, the hurricane caused $320 million in damage and three fatalities – one in Georgia from flooding, and two in Maryland from a car crash. The storm intensified further in the eastern Gulf of Mexico, reaching winds of 70 mph (110 km/h) early on June 11. A list of the 2005 hurricane season’s most unique characteristics and facts has been released by Colorado State University. It reached a peak wind speed of 150 mph (240 km/h) by September 15 over the open central Atlantic east-northeast of the Leeward Islands. [29], In the wake of the season, questions arose regarding the potential impact of global warming on Atlantic hurricane activity. [85] Gert dropped heavy rainfall, reaching 8.46 in (214.9 mm) in San Luis Potosí. [136] Road damage in Costa Rica from Stan and earlier Hurricane Rita was estimated at US$57 million (₡28 billion (CRC). The hurricane quickly crossed the state and continued across the western Atlantic Ocean. Lucia. [24] While environmental conditions favorable for the development of tropical cyclones were analogous to other active seasons, they were more pronounced and encompassed larger areas in 2005. Stan briefly weakened to a tropical depression as it crossed over land, but it regained tropical storm strength over the Bay of Campeche on October 3, when ridging further intensified and forced the storm west-southwest. The hurricane struck southeastern Louisiana and later southern Mississippi. [139][140], Subtropical Depression Twenty-Two formed from a non-tropical low 450 miles (725 km) southeast of Bermuda on October 8. [50] Wilma killed 12 people in Haiti and one in Jamaica. [115] When Philippe formed in September 17th, Philippe became the earliest 16th named storm on record until the record was shattered by 2020's Hurricane Paulette by 10 days. The remnants of Maria brought heavy rainfall to Norway, triggering a landslide in Bergen that killed three people and injured seven others. The cyclone became more organized two hours before making landfall and was forming an eye, but its winds remained under hurricane strength. Damage figures are in 2005 USD. Stan was part of a broader weather system across Central America that killed 1,513 people in Guatemala, where damage was estimated at US$996 million. After regeneration, and after making landfall over northern Honduras, floods from Gamma killed 34 people in Honduras. [149] Wilma inflicted a multi-billion dollar disaster in the Miami metropolitan area, including $2.9 billion in damage in Palm Beach County,[150] $2 billion in Miami-Dade County, and $1.2 billion in Broward County. [116], In mid-September, the southern extent of a stationary front devolved into a trough north of the Leeward Islands. [83] The storm brought light rainfall to Newfoundland.[84]. [118] The hurricane weakened as it approached the northwest Gulf Coast. It hit Yucatan at peak intensity. The former killed 16 people and left US$1.4 billion in damage when it struck Cuba twice. [64] Vince transitioned into a tropical storm on the following day and was upgraded to a hurricane shortly thereafter. Within a year of the storm, most of the levees were largely repaired. Maria fell to tropical storm intensity on September 9 and became extratropical a day later between Newfoundland and the Azores. It intensified into Tropical Storm Wilma two days later. Gert formed east of Caribbean Sea and highly strengthened. About 2.4 million people lost access to clean drinking water. Reports indicate extensive damage to homes and a loss of communications with the islanders. [16][18] The season's activity was reflected with an ACE rating of 250, the second-highest value on record in the Atlantic basin, after the 1933 season. It stalled 1,320 miles (2,130 km) west-southwest of the Canary Islands and attained peak winds of 70 mph (110 km/h) on November 24. Jose made landfall in the Mexican state of Veracruz near the Laguna Verde Nuclear Power Station on August 23. [12] By the end of September, 17 named storms had developed, of which nine had developed into hurricanes and four had become major hurricanes. A series of tropical waves moved into this area of disturbed weather and helped from a low-pressure system that developed into Tropical Depression Twenty-Four southwest of Jamaica on October 15. Epsilon attained peak winds of 85 mph (140 km/h) on December 5, maintaining its intensity due to low wind shear. Harvey continued northeastward for a few days, transitioning into an extratropical storm on August 9. Moving westward, Emily strengthened into a minimal hurricane and struck Grenada at that intensity on July 14. [21] Tropical cyclone activity in the Atlantic Ocean between 1995 and 2004 was more active than any other decade in reliable record. Six hours later, at 00:00 UTC on June 29, the depression intensified into Tropical Storm Bret and peaked with sustained winds of 40 mph (65 km/h). 3 – Focus on Haiti and Jamaica, International Federation of Red Cross And Red Crescent Societies, World Food Programme Emergency Report 2005, Tropical Cyclone Report: Tropical Storm Alpha, "US$2.1 million required to repair infrastructure damage from Beta", "Perecen dos panameños por la tormenta tropical "Beta, Colombia: $ 1.409 millones costó recuperación de Providencia, "Nicaragua: Abandono y desesperación en la Costa Caribe después del Huracán "Beta, "Costa necesita 35 millones de córdobas a causa de Beta", "Calculan en unos nueve millones de dólares las pérdidas causadas por lluvias en Honduras", "Tropical depression kills two in Caribbean", Tropical Cyclone Report: Tropical Storm Gamma, Climate Change and Territorial Effects on Regions and Local Economies, Tropical Cyclone Report: Unnamed Subtropical Storm, Tropical Cyclone Report: Tropical Storm Delta, Tropical Cyclone Report: Tropical Storm Arlene, Tropical Cyclone Report: Tropical Storm Bret, Resumen de la tormenta tropical "Bret" del océano Atlántico, "Deja "Bret" un muerto y miles de damnificados", "Lluvias intensas observadas y grandes inundaciones reportadas", Caribbean: Hurricanes Dennis & Emily Appeal No. [33], On August 27, the New Orleans National Weather Service issued an urgent weather bulletin describing potentially catastrophic impacts, comparing Katrina to Hurricane Camille of 1969. It quickly intensified into a subtropical storm while curving northeast ahead of an approaching cold front. Freedom of Information Act (FOIA) [26], In addition to the unusually high amount of tropical activity, the 2005 season also featured an abnormally high amount of storms in the typically inactive early and latter parts of the season. [40] Collectively, Dennis and Emily caused about US$96 million (J$6 billion) in damage to Jamaica. [45] Gert caused about US$6 million ($60 million 2005 MXN) in damage,[86] and resulted in one fatality in Nuevo León. Wilma weakened to Category 4 intensity by the time it made landfall on Cozumel on October 21. The storm attained peak winds of 40 mph (65 km/h) while located between Bermuda and the Azores. [5] This was followed on May 16 by NOAA, who predicted a 70% chance of above normal activity, with 12–15 tropical storms, 7–9 hurricanes, and 3–5 major hurricanes. It was absorbed by a larger extratropical storm on October 6. Ophelia transitioned into an extratropical storm on September 18 and subsequently crossed Nova Scotia and Newfoundland, eventually dissipating on September 23 north of the Scandinavian Peninsula. On July 11, a tropical wave spawned a tropical depression east of the Lesser Antilles which quickly intensified into Tropical Storm Emily. [36], Ophelia caused significant coastal erosion from the churning waves. Gamma meandered in the Caribbean Sea for a short time, until slowly weakening and eventually disintegrating into a remnant low late on November 20. Katrina became the costliest U.S. hurricane, leaving $125 billion in damage[nb 2] and 1,833 deaths. 05EA14 Operations Update No. Late on September 21, Rita strengthened into a Category 5 hurricane, and the next day it attained peak winds of 180 mph (285 km/h). [138] The frontal system that absorbed Tammy was a partial cause for severe flooding in New York, New Jersey and New England that killed 10 people in mid-October. The final storm – Zeta – formed in late December and lasted until January 6, 2006. The 2005 ROBLOX Atlantic Hurricane Season was the deadliest, costliest and most active season on record, with 29 storms, 18 hurricanes, and 12 majors, 6 of them C5s and leaving a trail of 250 billion ROBUX in damage. [40] Collectively, Emily and earlier Hurricane Dennis left about US$96 million (J$6 billion) in damage to Jamaica. [117][121] Due in part to high temperatures preceding Rita's landfall and elderly susceptibility to excessive heat, at least 80 people died during the mass evacuation;[122] a coach fire en route to Dallas claimed 23 lives. [100] The hurricane left catastrophic damage across southern Louisiana, with more than 300,000 houses damaged or destroyed; most of these were in Orleans Parish. Jose rapidly weakened and soon dissipated as it moved inland over Mexico. The research not only reaffirmed a trend toward stronger, wetter tropical cyclones, but it also identified a trend toward increased rapid intensification events and a general slowing of tropical cyclones' forward motion near land. Hurricane Stan in October was part of a broader weather system that killed 1,668 people and caused $3.96 billion in damage to eastern Mexico and Central America, with Guatemala hit the hardest. This amplified the African easterly jet and enhanced upper-level easterlies, attenuating wind shear detrimental to tropical cyclogenesis across the central tropical Atlantic and the Caribbean. Dennis re-intensified to a secondary peak of 145 mph (230 km/h) on July 10, only to weaken prior to its final landfall later that day near Pensacola, Florida. On August 15, the storm turned to the north, passing between Bermuda and North Carolina. Cindy continued across the southeastern United States and transitioned into an extratropical cyclone on July 7 over The Carolinas; it eventually dissipated over the Gulf of St. Lawrence on July 12. [156] Delta also caused power outages, leaving some 200,000 people without power and forcing airports to close down. The newly formed cyclone exhibited deep convection in the southern semicircle,[129] but its cloud pattern quickly deteriorated under the influence of strong wind shear. Career Opportunities, National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Cindy was redesignated as a hurricane in the post-season re-analysis, This unnamed subtropical cyclone was identified during NHC's post-season re-analysis. Heavy rainfall from Emily affected Haiti, killing five people. The average date for the seventh named storm is Sept. 16. The multidecadal oscillation increased the potency of conducive environmental factors for tropical development, including the increased strength of subtropical ridges in the northern and southern Atlantic and the eastern Pacific. [135] There were also three deaths in Nicaragua and one in Costa Rica. [4] TSR issued its first forecast a few days later and predicted that the season would feature 9.6 tropical storms, 5.7 hurricanes, 3.3 major hurricanes, and predicted that the accumulated cyclone energy (ACE) rating would be 145. Help Suite 250 Strong wind shear prevented much organization, and the depression degenerated into a low pressure area late on August 29. The season officially began on June 1, 2005, and the first storm – Arlene – developed on June 8. After moving away from the state, Ophelia weakened to tropical storm status for a fourth and final time due to stronger wind shear and dry air. The 2005 season featured 15 hurricanes, surpassing the previous record of 12, set in 1969. On October 24, Wilma made landfall in southwestern Florida at Cape Romano with winds of 120 mph (190 km/h). All damage totals are in 2005 values of their respective currencies. The storm attained peak winds of 50 mph (85 km/h) as it moved through the eastern Azores, where Santa Maria Island reported sustained winds up to 40 mph (60 km/h). [72] The floods forced the evacuation of approximately 2,800 people,[41]:251 damaged around 3,000 houses, isolated 66 villages, and caused about $100 million (MXN, US$9.2 million) in damage. The 2005 Atlantic hurricane season was the most active Atlantic hurricane season since reliable records began with 31 depressions, 28 named storms, 15 hurricanes and 7 major hurricanes. The storm accelerated northeastward and passed southeast of Cape Cod. [45][144] There were four deaths in Mexico, and nationwide damage was estimated at US$454 million ($4.8 billion MXN). [105] Various countries and international agencies sent supplies or financial aid to assist in the hurricane response. [42][43][41][44] Wilma dropped historic rainfall while drifting across the Yucatán peninsula. Vince made landfall on the Iberian Peninsula near Huelva, Spain, on October 11 just after weakening to a tropical depression. With 28 named storms, 15 hurricanes, seven major hurricanes, and four category 5 hurricanes, the 2005 hurricane season certainly blew the records away. Later that day, the storm moved ashore just west of Pensacola, Florida. [79] Damage from Dennis in the United States totaled $2.545 billion, and there were 15 deaths in the country, all but one in Florida. Portions of the city remained underwater for 43 days. Lasting for ten days in October, Wilma moved over Cozumel, the Yucatán peninsula, and Florida, causing $19 billion in damage and 48 deaths. Gert was a high-latitude, category 2 hurricane (on the Saffir -Simpson Hurricane Wind Scale) that remained over the open waters of the western Atlantic Ocean, passing about midway between Bermuda and the southeastern United States. [125] FEMA granted over $1.3 billion to Louisiana to support recovery efforts; $668.8 million was allocated in the form of public assistance grants for initial recovery measures, and $523.5 million was sent to individuals as part of the agency's Individuals and Households program. Courtesy of NOAA;s National Hurricane Center. [169] This surpassed the previous record for the number of hurricane names retired after a single season, four (held by the 1955, 1995, 2004 seasons, and later the 2017 season). [36] Rita struck near the border of Louisiana and Texas. Hurricane Gert; Tropical Storm Gert (2005) Hurricane Gilbert; Hurricane Gordon (2000) Tropical Storm Grace (2003) Hurricane Greta–Olivia; H. Hurricane Harvey; Hurricane Henri; Tropical Storm Hermine (1980) Tropical Storm Hermine (2010) Hurricane Hilda (1955) Hurricane Marco (2020) Hurricane … Vince was the first tropical cyclone on record to make landfall in Spain. Additionally, Alpha, Beta, Gamma, Delta, Epsilon and Zeta were also used for the first time in accordance with the naming policy of the World Meteorological Organization that storms were sequentially assigned Greek letter names after the naming list provisioned for the 2005 season was exhausted. The cyclone did not persist long over water, instead moving ashore north of Cabo Rojo, Mexico, with 45 mph (75 km/h) winds early on July 25. These factors reduced vertical wind shear and favored cyclonic flow, creating an environment highly supportive of tropical development. positions and intensities). [11] At the start of September, CSU updated their forecasts and predicted that eight more storms would form, with six more hurricanes and three major hurricanes. Its storms caused an estimated 3,912 deaths and approximately $171.7 billion in damage. Arlene left mostly minor damage throughout the United States, estimated at $11.8 million. On November 22, the NHC classified the low-pressure system as a subtropical storm with the name Delta. It was also decided that it was not practical to retire a Greek letter. As convection increased near the center, the depression intensified into Tropical Storm Gert early on July 24. The disturbance eventually traveled into the western Caribbean Sea, where it organized into a tropical depression southeast of Cozumel around 12:00 UTC on October 1. The National Hurricane Center's Tropical Cyclone Reports contain comprehensive information on Three days later the storm passed west of Bermuda. Note: There is an undercount bias of zero to six tropical cyclones per year between 1851 and 1885 and zero to four per year between 1886 and 1910, due to the lack of modern observation techniques, see. It is uncertain whether the remnants of Gamma absorbed the low pressure system or vice versa. [73] The depression crossed the Yucatán Peninsula and dropped rainfall, reaching 2.8 in (71 mm) in Cancún. The Category 1 storm was packing maximum sustained winds of 90 mph while moving northeast at 21 mph. This evolution provided enhanced ocean heat content to both hurricanes and was partially responsible for the extreme intensities attained by those cyclones. [43][41] Stan was associated with a larger weather system across eastern Mexico and Central America. 11691 SW 17th Street [168], After the season had ended, the World Meteorological Organization's hurricane committee retired five names: Dennis, Katrina, Rita, Stan and Wilma and replaced them with Don, Katia, Rina, Sean and Whitney for the 2011 season. [9][10][11] In their August 5 update, CSU predicted that 13 more storms would form, with seven more hurricanes and three more major hurricanes. This allowed the persistence of the anomalously warm sea surface temperatures that had contributed to the active 2004 hurricane season; this warmth remained until November 2005. Katrina rapidly intensified to Category 5 status early on August 28, becoming the seventh most intense Atlantic hurricane. The cyclone emerged into the Atlantic Ocean, where it was absorbed by Hurricane Wilma on October 24. The depression strengthened into Tropical Storm Ophelia on September 7 and briefly into a hurricane on September 9 while stalled off the east coast of Florida. About Us Overall, Beta caused nine fatalities and more than $15.5 million in damage across four countries. This protrusion detached into a warm core ring, or a small region of warm waters to an abnormally deep depth, and began to drift southwest as Hurricane Rita traversed the region. [165][166] The 2005 season was the first season to trigger this policy. It continued inland, affecting the same areas impacted by Hurricane Emily just days prior, and quickly dissipated over high terrain at the end of that day. Rapid intensification ensued as Rita moved into the Gulf of Mexico. [160] Over the next couple of days, the system developed a low-level circulation and atmospheric convection increased as it moved north-westwards, before the NHC classified it as Tropical Storm Zeta during December 30. [32], The outer rainbands of Dennis produced widespread flooding and landslides in Haiti, killing at least 56 people and leaving US$50 million in damage. [152] After leaving Florida, Wilma killed one person and left US$6.4 million in damage to the Bahamas, when it passed northwest of the country. In Miami Beach, Florida, a student died when she was caught in a rip current. [61] While passing through the Lesser Antilles, the heavy rainfall caused mudslides, killing two people on Bequia. The system encountered unfavorable conditions as it turned westward and degenerated into a remnant low on October 10, before becoming extratropical on the following day. After five years of analysis, researchers were unable to confirm whether the recent increase in tropical cyclone activity could be attributed more to climate change than natural variability. Knocking", Tropical Cyclone Report: Hurricane Philippe, "Tropical Storm Paulette Discussion Number 3", "Climatology of Tropical Storm/Hurricane Remnants in Central and Southeast Illinois", "El huracán Rita afectó a ocho provincias", Evacuation Planning in Texas: Before and After Hurricane Rita, "Fatalities in the United States Indirectly Associated with Atlantic Tropical Cyclones", Motorcoach Fire on Interstate 45 During Hurricane Rita Evacuation Near Wilmer, Texas, "A smaller Cameron Parish emerges 10 years after Hurricane Rita's devastation", "Hurricane Rita: Eight Years of Recovery and Federal Aid", "Hurricane Rita In Texas: 10 Years Later", "Tropical Depression Nineteen Discussion Number 1", Tropical Cyclone Report: Tropical Depression Nineteen, "At least 500 Dead in Guatemalan Mudslides, Death Toll Expected to Rise", Central America – Hurricane Stan and volcanic eruption, Humanitarian assistance and rehabilitation for El Salvador and Guatemala – UN SG Report (A/61/78-E/2006/61), Central America and Mexico – Floods Fact Sheet #3, Fiscal Year (FY) 2006, Disaster Risk Management in Latin America and the Caribbean Region: GFDRR Country Notes Honduras, American Red Cross int'l response: Hurricane Stan – Mexico, Central America 21 Oct 2005, "Nation is short $51 million to repair roads", Tropical Cyclone Report: Tropical Storm Tammy, Global Hazards And Significant Events October 2005, Tropical Cyclone Report: Subtropical Depression Twenty-Two, "La conexión de la Ronda de Poniente con la red viaria tardará en cerrarse más de un año", "Problemas en varias carreteras de la provincia", "A New Western Hemisphere 24-hour Rainfall Record", The Caribbean: Hurricane Wilma OCHA Situation Report No. The list below only includes human names given to North Atlantic storms. The 2005 hurricane season was the deadliest in the Atlantic basin since 1998. Gert remained well off the East Coast of the U.S. and Atlantic Canada. XML index of all Tropical Cyclone Reports, Atlantic | Eastern Pacific | Central Pacific, 2005 North Atlantic Hurricane Season Track Map (click to enlarge). The 2005 hurricane season was the deadliest in the Atlantic basin since 1998. Zeta weakened again as it turned westward, degenerating into a remnant low on January 6; the circulation dissipated on the next day to the southeast of Bermuda. [email protected], Disclaimer [72][41], A tropical depression formed on July 3 in the western Caribbean Sea from a tropical wave that moved off Africa nine days prior. The fifth though eleventh and the thirteenth and onward named storms developed at then-record early dates that were later surpassed in 2020. By mid-October, the Loop Current returned to its typical position in the Yucatán Peninsula. [19][20], The extremely active 2005 hurricane season was a continuation of an extended sequence of active years for tropical activity in the Atlantic. [15] The 28 nameable storms (27 named storms and one unnamed subtropical storm) set the record for most storms, surpassing the total of 20 from 1933. On July 30, the storm transitioned into an extratropical cyclone south of Nova Scotia, and a day later it was absorbed by a larger extratropical storm near Newfoundland. Franklin held the record for the earliest sixth named storm until it was broken by Tropical Storm Fay in 2020. High pressure directed the cyclone toward the west-northwest, and the depression intensified into Tropical Storm Stan shortly before making landfall along the eastern coast of the Yucatan Peninsula. 2005 National Hurricane Center (NHC) Seasonal Summary. [114], Philippe brought gusty winds and moisture to Bermuda, with 0.15 inches (3.8 mm) of precipitation reported on September 23. The storm moved west-northwestward, strengthening into a hurricane on July 6 to the south of Hispaniola. Honolulu, HI 96822 ", "Remembering the catastrophic 2005 hurricane season", "Stormy hurricane season running short of names", "Storms Alpha and Beta named for Greek alphabet, second time ever", NHC preliminary summary of 2005 wind speeds and deaths, Weather Prediction Center's 2005 Advisory Archive, U.S. Rainfall from Tropical Cyclones in 2005, U.S. National Climatic Data Center – Atlantic Basin 2005 Accumulated Cyclone Energy (ACE) Index, 27 Storms: Arlene to Zeta (SVS Animation 3354), https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=2005_Atlantic_hurricane_season&oldid=991785920, Wikipedia pending changes protected pages, Short description is different from Wikidata, Articles which contain graphical timelines, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, –––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––, This page was last edited on 1 December 2020, at 20:33. The extratropical system transported tropical moisture northward,[141] and was, along with Tropical Storm Tammy, a partial cause of severe flooding in New York, New Jersey and New England during early-to-mid-October. Impacts included: impassable roads, stuck vehicles, water rescues, and flooded basements. On the next day, it strengthened into a hurricane. On June 10, Arlene struck western Cuba. In Grenada, Emily killed one person and caused US$111 million in damage, with thousands of roofs damaged. [132] The flooding killed 69 people in the country, and damage from the two disasters was estimated at US$355.6 million. [76] Emily weakened after its peak intensity, striking the northeastern Yucatán Peninsula on July 18 with winds of 135 mph (185 km/h). The season's strongest hurricane, Wilma, became the most intense Atlantic hurricane on record, as measured by barometric pressure. [139] The flooding killed 10 people after 6 to 10 in (150 to 250 mm) of precipitation fell in some locales. [25] During the peak of the 2005 season, the Loop Current – an ocean current that transports warm water from the Caribbean Sea northward into the Gulf of Mexico and offshore the U.S. East Coast – propagated northward, reaching its most poleward point in advance of Hurricane Katrina. Tammy dropped locally heavy rainfall along its path, causing minor damage. Wilma transitioned into an extratropical cyclone on October 26, which was absorbed by a larger extratropical storm a day later over Atlantic Canada. The anomalously frequent formation of tropical storms and hurricanes reflected the emergence of unusually warm sea surface temperatures across the tropical Atlantic. Gert before landfall https://archive.is/20130625152817/img254.imageshack.us/img254/4277/tropicalstormgertab0.png Formation July 23, 2005 Dissipation July 25,2005 Highest winds 45 mph Lowest pressure 1005 mbar Deaths 1 direct Damages $6,000,000 (2005 USD) Areas affected Central Mexico The NHC consistently forecast that the storm would weaken; however, Epsilon gradually intensified as it moved westward and later looped to the northeast. [33][34][35] Southeastern North Carolina suffered some damage from the slow-moving Ophelia. The cyclone quickly weakened after moving inland and became extratropical over Kentucky on August 30. [88] Harvey was the earliest eighth named storm on record before being surpassed by Hurricane Hanna during the 2020 Atlantic hurricane season. Jose was the earliest 10th named storm until surpassed by Tropical Storm Josephine in 2020. [44] El Salvador's Santa Ana Volcano erupted on October 1, occurring simultaneous to the flooding. Tammy weakened as it moved inland, crossing southern Georgia and Alabama. [45] It killed four people in the country and left US$454 million ($4.8 billion MXN) in damage. [65] In November, the extratropical remnants of Delta struck the Canary Islands, causing 7 fatalities, with 12 people missing. [127] Texas' Community Development Block Grant Disaster Recovery Program aided 1.85 million people in addition to supporting longer-term infrastructure repairs. [5] By the end of July, seven tropical storms and two major hurricanes had developed within the basin, which prompted CSU, InsMet, NOAA and TSR to significantly increase their seasonal forecasts at the start of August. Over 1600 people died during the storm and an estimated cost for all the damage, $75 billion, makes Katrina the costliest hurricane ever. [32] Katrina caused catastrophic damage to the Gulf Coast, devastating a long stretch of coast along Louisiana, Mississippi, and Alabama with a 30-foot (9 m) storm surge. Four storms of this season became Category 5 hurricanes, the highest ranking on the scale. The storm claimed 26 lives, with more than half of them in Haiti. [4] They also noted that the Caribbean and the entire United States coastline faced an increased risk of a major hurricane making landfall. [27] Lowered sea-level atmospheric pressures in the late spring and early summer of 2005 curtailed the strength of trade winds, resulting in a reduction of latent heat loss from the tropical Atlantic and Caribbean. [151] Numerous homes and businesses experienced some degree of impact, with over 55,000 dwellings and 3,600 workplaces damaged in Palm Beach County alone. [46][41], In the Caribbean, Cuba suffered the effects of Dennis and Wilma. The most devastating effects of the season were felt on the Gulf Coast of the United States, where Katrina's storm surge crippled New Orleans, Louisiana, for weeks and devastated the Mississippi coastline. Flash flooding occurred in multiple locations throughout the Northeast. Storm surge also breached levees in the city of New Orleans, Louisiana, flooding about 80% of the city. [60] The cyclone briefly attained tropical storm status, but wind shear prevented further development of the system, and advisories were discontinued on November 16 as it lost its closed circulation about 305 mi (490 km) southeast of Kingston, Jamaica. Here are just a few of the records it set:Most named storms: 28. Alpha weakened to a tropical depression over Hispaniola's steep mountains. [38][39][46] Wilma's storm surge caused the worst flooding in the Florida Keys since Hurricane Betsy in 1965. [117], Across the United States, Rita imparted $18.5 billion in damage and killed 120 people, although only seven deaths were directly related to the hurricane. Bret moved ashore northeastern Mexico near Tuxpan, Veracruz, around 12:00 UTC, dissipating early on June 30 over San Luis Potosí. The hurricane contributed to 30 deaths, five of whom were killed directly by the storm. A day later it intensified into Tropical Storm Arlene while taking a northward track. NHC 2005 Summaries by Month Most of the tropical storms and all major hurricanes in the Atlantic in 2005 formed when a lack of convection was present near the International Dateline, while a brief uptick in storms near the International Dateline led to a lull in tropical cyclogenesis in the Atlantic for the first half of August. It strengthened into Tropical Storm Maria on September 2 and eventually became the fifth hurricane of the season early on September 4. [61][60], Delta originated from a broad and non-tropical low-pressure area that arose 1,380 miles (2,220 km) southwest of the Azores on November 19, initially moving northeast along the trailing fringes of a passing cold front. [90] Rip currents near Long Beach, New York killed a 16-year-old boy. [61] The storm caused 39 deaths in total. Later that day, the depression strengthened into Tropical Storm Alpha as it moved west-northwestward. The season officially began on June 1 and ended on November 30. [64], On October 5, Tropical Storm Tammy developed east of Florida following the interaction of a tropical wave and an upper-level trough. In August, Katrina reached peak winds in the Gulf of Mexico but weakened by the time it struck the U.S. states of Louisiana and Mississippi. 1, "Planet Ark : Canary Islands Struggle to Restore Power After Storm", "Canary Islands feel the full force of deadly Storm Delta", Tropical Cyclone Report: Hurricane Epsilon, "Tropical Cyclone Report: Tropical Storm Zeta", "Hurricane names: Why is it named Hurricane Irene? 6, Caribbean, Central America, and Mexico: Hurricane Wilma – Information Bulletin n° 4, "After Wilma Hits Mexico, All Buses Lead To Merida", "Wilma: Inicia la reconstrucción mxm (martes)", "Adding Up Wilma's Fury: $2.9 Billion Countywide – More than 55,000 Homes, 3,600 Businesses Damaged", "Year later, Wilma's wrath still visible", Haiti: Tropical Storm Alpha, Floods OCHA Situation Report No. [110] Early on September 9, Nate attained peak winds of 90 mph (150 km/h) as it accelerated northeastward ahead of a trough. Delta moved erratically over the next two days and weakened to a low-end tropical storm in response to increasing wind shear. The hurricane's large circulation also damaged houses in other nearby islands. It rapidly weakened over land as it turned to the north and northeast, and was later absorbed by an approaching cold front on September 26 over Illinois. [112], The interplay of a cold front and a trough led to the development of Tropical Depression Sixteen over the northern Bahamas on September 6. [50] In Honduras, a man drowned in a river swollen by rains from Emily. The same trough created unfavorable conditions, causing Nate to weaken quickly back to tropical storm status. Later that day, the storm moved ashore just west of Pensacola, Florida. In all, 30 tropical depressions, tropical storms, and hurricanes formed in 2005. [6] On May 2, the Cuban Institute of Meteorology (InsMet) issued their seasonal forecast, which predicted that the season would feature 13 tropical storms and 7 hurricanes. [4][5], The first of these forecasts was issued by CSU, which predicted on December 5, 2004 that the season would be above average and feature 11 named storms, 6 hurricanes and 3 intense hurricanes. [158], A surface low attached to a stationary front formed underneath an upper-level low east of Bermuda on November 27. [83], On July 26, Bermuda recorded wind gusts of 37 mph (59 km/h) while the storm made its closest approach. [15], The Gulf of Mexico saw record levels of tropical activity in 2005, with 11 named storms entering the basin. [128], On September 30, a tropical wave developed into Tropical Depression Nineteen to the west of Cabo Verde. It also produced the second-highest accumulated cyclone energy (ACE) in the Atlantic basin, surpassed only by the 1933 season. On September 10, Nate transitioned into an extratropical storm which was absorbed by a larger extratropical storm near the Azores on September 13. Storms named with Greek letters that would otherwise be eligible for retirement would appear in the retired name list, but have a notation affixed with the circumstances.[169]. Once inland, the system rapidly unraveled over the mountainous terrain of Mexico, dissipating in the state of Oaxaca just after 06:00 UTC on October 5. The heavy rainfall creates some short-lived street flooding. It organized into Tropical Storm Rita later that day. Gonzalo became the earliest named ‘G’ storm, besting Tropical Storm Gert (July 24, 2005). The depression became a tropical storm on August 24 and a hurricane on August 25, making landfall as a Category 1 hurricane in southeastern Florida. The storm strengthened and a closed circulation formed on November 18, making Gamma a tropical storm for the second time. Over the next two days, Arlene continued northward through the … ", "The strongest, most dangerous hurricanes are now far more likely because of climate change, study shows", Tropical Cyclone Report: Hurricane Dennis, Tropical Cyclone Report: Hurricane Katrina, "Hurricane Katrina Service Assessment Report", Tropical Cyclone Report: Hurricane Ophelia, "The deadliest, costliest and most intense United States tropical cyclones from 1851 to 2010 (and other frequently requested hurricane facts)", Costliest U.S. tropical cyclones tables updated, Características e Impacto Socioeconómico de los Principales Desastres Ocurridos en la República Mexicana en el Año 2005, One year after Stan, Guatemala needs more assistance, Vulnerability, Risk Reduction, and Adaptation to Climate Change Guatemala, Final Report of the RA IV Hurricane Committee Twenty-Eighth Session, Caribbean: Hurricanes Dennis & Emily Appeal No. [160] As a result, Zeta became the second latest-forming tropical cyclone in the Atlantic on record behind Alice of December 1954. 2525 Correa Rd The 2005 Atlantic hurricane season was at the time the most active Atlantic hurricane season in recorded history, until its record was surpassed 15 years later. [47] The island of Hispaniola experienced Dennis in July, which killed 56 people in Haiti. [22] The Climate Prediction Center (CPC) predicted in May 2005 that the conditions associated with this active multi-decadal signal would continue into the 2005 hurricane season, providing favorable conditions for tropical cyclogenesis in the tropical Atlantic. [67] Rainfall in the United States peaked at 9.84 in (250 mm) in Lake Toxaway, North Carolina. 3,913 people died in the season and the season caused$180.7 billion (2005 USD) in damage. However, Beta weakened to a Category 2 prior to landfall in Nicaragua. On June 10, Arlene struck western Cuba. Weather Underground provides tracking maps, 5-day forecasts, computer models, satellite imagery and detailed storm statistics for tracking and forecasting Hurricane Gert Tracker. [133][134] In Honduras, the weather system killed seven people and left US$100 million in damage. The storm briefly threatened Bermuda as it turned to the northwest and began a counterclockwise loop. [43], Stan killed 80 people in Mexico, and damage in the county was estimated at US$1.2 billion ($13.2 billion MXN). [47] Later, Wilma flooded parts of western Cuba, leaving US$704 million in damage. [41] Two helicopter pilots were killed when their aircraft crashed while evacuating offshore oil platforms operated by Pemex. [69], Between June 24 and June 27, a tropical wave and weak low-pressure area moved in tandem across Central America and eastern Mexico. [45], A tropical wave organized into Tropical Depression Twenty-Five in the eastern Caribbean on October 22. Storm surge damaged coastal roads in the Florida Panhandle and Alabama. A man in Playa del Carmen was electrocuted to death while preparing for the hurricane. Six of the season's storms became a Category 5 hurricane, the highest ranking on the scale. On September 14, the extratropical storm that was once Maria merged with another extratropical storm while approaching Norway. The hurricane re-flooded New Orleans (though to a far less degree than Katrina), and caused about $18.5 billion in damage. [81] Damage was heaviest where Emily made its two landfalls in Mexico,[40] with damage in the country estimated at US$343 million ($3.4 billion MXN). Cindy intensified further into a minimal hurricane early on July 6, with peak winds of 75 mph (120 km/h). [email protected], Central Pacific Hurricane Center Franklin restrengthened slightly as it accelerated northeastward. [89] On August 4, Harvey passed 45 miles (75 km) south of Bermuda. Miami, FL, 33165 The damage total in El Salvador included impacts from a simultaneous volcano eruption. It was the costliest season on record at the time, until its record was surpassed 12 years later. [36][113], On September 17, Tropical Depression Seventeen formed from a tropical wave about 350 miles (560 km) east of Barbados. [107], A strong tropical wave entered the eastern Atlantic on August 27. 2005 Atlantic Hurricane Season Track Map (click for 310K GIF)* View or download the 749K PDF . Sustained winds on the island reached 45 mph (75 km/h).[88]. The team also concluded that the amount of precipitation produced by tropical cyclones would increase over the next century. [160] It weakened on January 2, only to re-intensify to its peak intensity on January 3. Moving to the west-northwest, the storm's intensification attenuated over the Bahamas before resuming thereafter, becoming a hurricane on September 20 between Cuba and Florida. [17] The 2005 season also featured a record seven major hurricanes, one more than the previous record, set in 1926, 1933, 1950, 1996, and 2004. [109], Canadian Navy ships headed to the U.S. Gulf Coast to help in the aftermath of Hurricane Katrina were slowed down trying to avoid Nate and Ophelia. [64] Also in October, Vince became the first recorded tropical cyclone to strike Spain, making landfall at tropical depression intensity. [38][39], Three hurricanes struck Mexico – Emily, Stan, and Wilma. The storm's remnants produced strong winds and heavy rain over Atlantic Canada. The surface low detached from the frontal zone and acquired tropical characteristics as deep convection wrapped around its center, leading to the development of Tropical Storm Epsilon early on November 29. [62][63] The unnamed subtropical storm in October moved through the Azores. [123] Rita generated a 15-foot (4.6 m) storm surge that devastated parts of Cameron Parish in Louisiana,[124] destroying most structures in towns like Cameron and Holly Beach. Many storms stayed out at sea. The remnants moved to the north and northeast, steered by a larger non-tropical system to the north. Damage in the United States was estimated at $70 million. The United States federal government spent $110.6 billion in relief, recovery and rebuilding efforts, including $16 billion toward rebuilding houses, which was the nation's largest ever housing recovery project. [31], The storms of the season were extraordinarily damaging and were responsible for significant loss of life. [46][45] On Bermuda, Hurricane Wilma produced wind gusts of 51 mph (81 km/h). Around the time of its peak, Maria turned to the north and northeast, moving around the subtropical ridge as it gradually weakened. Irene turned to the west, and later resumed its northwest track. Delta's tropical characteristics later succumbed to wind shear and cold air, resulting in its extratropical transition on November 28 while 250 miles (400 mi) west-northwest of the western Canary Islands; as an extratropical system, Delta tracked east, passing north of the Canary Islands before moving into Morocco and Algeria on November 29, where it dissipated. [48][77] Dennis brought torrential rain to Jamaica, reaching 24.54 in (623 mm) in Mavis Bank. casualties and damages, and the post-analysis best track (six-hourly On September 21, Philippe accelerated to the north and began moving around the upper-level low, which had extended to the surface and developed into a non-tropical cyclone. Epsilon lasted as a hurricane until December 7, the most for any Atlantic tropical cyclone in December. The 2005 Atlantic hurricane season was the time from June 1 to November 30, 2005 when hurricanes officially formed in the Atlantic Ocean. The hurricane caused extensive damage in the Outer Banks and around Cape Fear. On September 24, Rita made landfall near the Texas–Louisiana border with sustained winds of 115 mph (185 km/h). Of the 15 hurricanes, 5 formed in September, with the season becoming only the sixth to feature 5 in that month. All NOAA. The low that absorbed the storm would eventually become Hurricane Vince. This new system would become Tropical Depression Twelve over the Bahamas and, eventually, Hurricane Katrina. [30] In May 2020, researchers at the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration and the University of Wisconsin at Madison built upon this research and, for the first time, established a statistically significant global trend toward more intense tropical cyclones, particularly in the Atlantic basin. The depression strengthened into Tropical Storm Jose later that day and achieved a maximum strength of 60 mph (95 km/h). [154], The Colombian island of Providencia was subjected to hurricane-force winds for several hours as the center of the storm moved very slowly by the island. [159], Towards the end of December, an upper-level low interacted with a cold front, which produced an area of low-pressure by December 28, about 750 mi (1,205 km) to the west-northwest of Cabo Verde. This excludes anything except tropical storms (winds between 62 and 117 km/h) and hurricanes (winds above 117 km/h), since lesser storms are not named. [7] CSU issued its second forecast update on May 31, revising its forecast to 15 named storms, 8 hurricanes and 4 major hurricanes; by this point, the group believed El Niño conditions were unlikely. The storm attained hurricane status on December 2 as the track shifted to the east. hurricanes. In mid-August, Hurricane Gert caused high waves, rough surf, and rip currents along the Northeast coastline. That day, it strengthened to reach peak winds of 50 mph (85 km/h) and made landfall near Jacksonville, Florida. The broad disturbance was initially hindered by strong wind shear but eventually organized into a tropical depression about halfway between the Leeward Islands and Cabo Verde early on September 1. The committee agreed that the usage of the Greek alphabet had a "major important political, economic and social impact globally, which might not have happened if a secondary or circular list of names had been used",[169] and that the Greek alphabet would be used again if the traditional naming list was exhausted. Early on October 5, the storm merged with the cold front; later that day, its remains were absorbed by a non-tropical low. [76] Later on July 8, Dennis moved ashore again in Matanzas Province. In New Orleans, Rita produced additional flooding and overtopped levees that had been repaired after Hurricane Katrina a month earlier. [17] Further, the months of July and November set records for number of named storms, with 5 and 3, respectively. [92] The depression moved slowly westward in an environment of strong vertical shear. The high pressure area also steered incoming storms into the Gulf of Mexico. A tropical wave interacted with this feature to form a tropical depression near the Turks and Caicos Islands on September 18. [40] Emily was the earliest 5th named storm before being surpassed by Tropical Storm Edouard in 2020. [153], Late on October 26, the same tropical wave that spawned Tropical Storm Alpha led to the formation of Tropical Depression Twenty-Six over the southwestern Caribbean Sea. An approaching trough weakened Irene and caused it to accelerate northeastward. [90] Irene intensified further after turning to the northeast and later east. Pages in category "Category 2 Atlantic hurricanes" The following 76 … FEMA expended $342.5 million to the 227,321 approved applicants. The system reached the Bay of Campeche early on June 28 and quickly organized into a tropical depression that day around 18:00 UTC. [66][157] The remnants of Delta later moved into Morocco, bringing needed rain. [73] Rainfall in the United States peaked at 9.50 in (241 mm) in Saint Bernard, Louisiana. Tropical Storm Gert (23-25 July 2005) Track Map Position/Speed Summary Large Satellite View Zoomed IR Satellite View GOES-E IR Satellite Loop Radar: NEXRAD Composite Base Reflectivity Tropical Storm Harvey (2-8 August 2005) Media in category "Tropical Storm Gert (2005)" The following 4 files are in this category, out of 4 total. This excludes anything except tropical storms (winds between 62 and 117 km/h) and hurricanes (winds above 117 km/h), since lesser storms are not named. [106], A tropical wave moved off the coast of Africa on August 24. [52][53][54][55][56][57][58][59] In November, Tropical Storm Gamma killed two people in Bequia in the Grenadines, 34 people in Honduras, and 3 in Belize. [54][55][56][52], Late on November 13, Tropical Depression Twenty-Seven formed from a tropical wave about 115 mi (185 km) west-southwest of St. 2005 Storm Names & Summaries from Natioinal Hurricane Center. NWS The 2005 Atlantic Hurricane season broke record after record: most named storms, lowest pressure measured in the Atlantic, longest-lived December hurricane, and the list goes on. [147] On November 28, Mexico declared a disaster area for 9 of Quintana Roo's 11 municipalities. It tracked west-northwest into the Bay of Campeche on July 23, where it contributed to the development of a tropical depression later that day. The National Hurricane Center's Tropical Cyclone Reports contain comprehensive information on each tropical cyclone, including synoptic history, meteorological statistics, casualties and damages, and the post-analysis best track (six-hourly positions and intensities). The storm rapidly weakened inland and dissipated on October 31. tropical storm strength. However, the name of a particularly destructive hurricane could be retired and replaced with a new name. The system moved northwestward and failed to intensify beyond winds of 35 mph (55 km/h), instead dissipating on October 2 without affecting land. The storm strengthened into a hurricane on October 29 and reached major hurricane intensity on October 30, with sustained winds around 115 mph (185 km/h). Hurricane Gert - September 19, 1999: Hurricane Gilbert September 1988: Hurricane Gilbert: Satellite Shows Life History. The 2005 Atlantic hurricane season is second only to the 2020 Atlantic hurricane season as the most active Atlantic hurricane season on record. [66] El Dedo de Dios, a geological feature which had been pointing towards the sky for over a millennium and an important landmark for the Canary Islands, was toppled during the storm. The fourth named storm developed at a then-record early date that was later surpassed in 2012. The four Category 5 hurricanes that developed during the season were: Emily, Katrina, Rita, and Wilma. As the cyclone developed a well-defined eye, Maria reached peak winds of 115 mph (185 km/h), Category 3 strength, early on September 6. The season's impact was widespread and catastrophic. The hurricane crossed Cuba entered the Gulf of Mexico on July 9 as a weakened hurricane. [23], Chylek and Lesins (2008) determined that the likelihood of a season generating as much tropical activity as 2005 was less than 1 percent. Wilma moved slowly through the warm waters of the western Caribbean Sea and began a period of rapid deepening on October 18 that lasted into the following day. (Technically, 27 actually received names; one nameable storm was identified after the season ended. Katrina is believed to be di-rectly responsible for about 1500 deaths, while heavy rains caused by a large area of disturbed weather during Hurricane Stan produced floods that caused 1000–2000 deaths. [47] In Florida, Wilma caused $19 billion in damage and killed 30 people; five of the deaths were caused directly by the hurricane. A day later, the hurricane passed southeast of Bermuda,[109] where it produced wind gusts of 50 mph (80 km/h). [82], Tropical Depression Six formed northeast of the Bahamas on July 21, originating from a tropical wave that exited the coast of Africa on July 10. On September 2, the depression degenerated into a remnant low, which was absorbed by a cold front two days later. [145][146] Cancún's airport was closed to the public in the days after the storm, forcing stranded visitors to fly out of Mérida, Yucatán, the region's closest functioning airport. One potential hypothesis for these findings was a projected increase in vertical wind shear contradicted by warmer ocean temperatures for hurricanes to utilize. It also hit Texas at Category 5 strength, causing $45 billion (2005 USD) and 344 deaths. On Bermuda, Harvey dropped 5.02 in (128 mm) of rainfall at Bermuda International Airport, flooding some roads. [137], In the post-season analysis, the National Hurricane Center identified an additional subtropical storm that had gone unclassified during the course of the season. The convection increased on August 31; that day the system regenerated into a tropical depression, which strengthened further into Tropical Storm Lee. [70], The cyclone dropped heavy rainfall, reaching at least 10.47 in (266 mm) in El Raudal, Veracruz. About 80% of the city and 83% of neighboring Jefferson Parish evacuated ahead of the storm. Within their final update for the year, CSU predicted that October would feature three named storms, two hurricanes and one major hurricane.[13]. [32] The storm's heaviest rainfall occurred in Cuba, reaching 43.0 in (1,092 mm), making Dennis the wettest storm for the island since Hurricane Flora of 1963. The season shattered numerous records, with 28[1] tropical or subtropical storms recorded. Total damage has been estimated at $125 billion, making Katrina the costliest hurricane in U.S. history, surpassing Andrew in 1992 and tying Harvey in 2017. The CPC determined that this environmental enhancement was primarily driven by four factors: the Atlantic multidecadal oscillation, the reduction of atmospheric convection in the tropical Pacific, record-high sea surface temperatures in the tropical Atlantic and Caribbean, and conducive wind and pressure patterns across the western Caribbean and Gulf of Mexico. Continuing across the Caribbean Sea, Emily eventually strengthened into a Category 5 hurricane on July 16 to the southwest of Jamaica, reaching peak winds of 160 mph (260 km/h). Harvey was the nation's first major (Category 3 or stronger) hurricane landfall since Hurricane Wilma struck South Florida in October 2005, an almost 12-year run. It quickly intensified into Tropical Storm Philippe while taking a track to the north-northwest. National Hurricane Center (Matias Delacroix/AP) A high-latitude tropical wave led to the genesis of Tropical Depression Nine west of Cabo Verde on August 4. [46][41] Local and federal troops quelled looting and rioting in Cancún. [94], While drenching Mexico's Gulf coast, Jose forced some 25,000 residents from their homes in Veracruz state and damaged at least 16,000 homes in the state. [21] This focusing mechanism led to a complementary reduction in storms developing close to Cape Verde. The circulation that absorbed Philippe dropped light rainfall on the island, and was responsible for the lowest barometric pressure during the month. [33][99] Katrina then crossed the Breton Sound, making a third and final landfall with 120 mph (190 km/h) winds near Pearlington, Mississippi. These Atlantic hurricanes reached Category 2 on the Saffir–Simpson hurricane wind scale at their peak. Early on July 8, the hurricane briefly moved over Granma Province in southeastern Cuba. [73][74] Across Louisiana, the hurricane left 280,000 people without power. [117], A third of Cameron Parish's population left the parish following the devastation wrought by Rita. Convection developed atop the center of the nascent disturbance two days later, and satellite data suggested that it was acquiring thermodynamic characteristics exhibited by tropical cyclones. [102] Katrina forced about 800,000 people to move temporarily, which was the greatest number of displaced people in the country since the Dust Bowl. This image provides a summary of the season, with the track of each named storm marked in black. [14] There were a record 15 storms making landfall,[15] including seven storms that struck the United States. [142][143], An upper-level low over the southwestern Atlantic helped facilitate the formation of a large, monsoon-like gyre over the Caribbean Sea in middle October. After moving away from the island, Harvey attained peak winds of 65 mph (100 km/h) late on August 4. This was associated with an active phase of the Atlantic multidecadal oscillation (AMO), with a similar period of elevated tropical activity occurring between 1950 and 1969. [32] Rainfall in the United States reached 12.80 in (325 mm) near Camden, Alabama.[68]. Damage and deaths include amounts while the storm was extratropical, a wave, or a low. [66], Delta caused severe damage in the Canary Islands and claimed at least seven lives, including six who drowned after boats overturned; there were 12 people missing from the overturned boat. [88] Due to strong wind shear, Harvey initially exhibited subtropical characteristics. On September 14, the northern eyewall moved over the North Carolina coast from Wilmington to Morehead City. In late September, an upper-level low formed west of the Canary Islands and moved westward, organizing into a subtropical depression early on October 4. The remnants of Tropical Depression Ten continued drifting northwestward before degenerating into a tropical wave north of the Leeward Islands. [47] Dennis moved ashore Florida near where Hurricane Ivan struck ten months prior. Several beaches were closed. [51] Alpha destroyed 43 homes and damaged 191 others in Haiti. On August 29 at 11:10 UTC, Katrina made landfall in southeastern Louisiana as a Category 3 hurricane, with 125 mph (200 km/h) winds, and a barometric pressure of 920 mbar (27 inHg);[33] it was the third lowest pressure for a landfalling United States hurricane at the time, and fourth as of 2018. Storms of 2005. each tropical cyclone, including synoptic history, meteorological statistics, [75], A tropical wave led to the development of Tropical Depression Four in the southeastern Caribbean late on July 4 and further strengthened into Tropical Storm Dennis early the next day. [66], The season's first tropical depression developed north of Honduras on June 8 from the interaction of the ITCZ and a series of tropical waves. Tropical Depression Ten formed between the Lesser Antilles and Cabo Verde on August 13 from a tropical wave that entered the Atlantic five days earlier. [49][80] In Jamaica, Emily produced 15.43 in (392 mm) of rainfall; associated flooding killed five people on the island. An approaching trough turned Franklin to the northwest and weakened Franklin to a minimal tropical storm. [51] In Central America, Beta killed nine people and caused US$11.5 million in damage when it struck Nicaragua in October. Although Vince was a very small and short-lived storm that only briefly reached hurricane strength, it was notable for developing in the northeastern Atlantic, well away from where hurricanes usually form. [73] The same tornado inflicted severe damage to 11 planes and 5 vintage helicopters at Tara Field and impacted hundreds of homes to some degree. Delta took a south-southwestward course and further coalesced its associated showers, leading to its re-designation as a tropical storm on November 23. [67], In western Cuba, Arlene produced wind gusts of 49 mph (79 km/h) at Punta del Este and 6.81 in (173 mm) of rainfall in the city of Pinar del Río. Emily in July reached peak intensity in the Caribbean Sea, becoming the first Category 5 hurricane of the season, later weakening and striking Mexico twice. The list below only includes human names given to North Atlantic storms. [150] On October 24, 2005, the same day Wilma made landfall in Florida, President George W. Bush approved a disaster declaration for 13 Florida counties. The Major Hurricanes of 2005: a Few Facts 15 Louisiana of 4–7 ft (1.2–2.1 m) in areas previously flooded by Katrina. National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration Additionally, public assistance from FEMA totaled over $1.4 billion and grants for hazard mitigation projects exceeded $141.5 million. [43] Torrential rainfall across this region killed 1,513 people in Guatemala,[42] making it the deadliest natural disaster in the country's history. Timeline of the 2005 Atlantic hurricane season, National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, List of historical tropical cyclone names, Regional Specialized Meteorological Center, "Tropical Storm Eta expected to intensify into the season's 12th hurricane on Monday", "Background Information: The North Atlantic hurricane season", Extended Range Forecast of Atlantic Seasonal Hurricane Activity and US Landfall Strike Probability for 2005, July Forecast Update for Atlantic Hurricane Activity in 2005, August Forecast Update for Atlantic Hurricane Activity in 2005, "NOAA: August 2005 Update to Atlantic Hurricane Season Outlook", Forecast of Atlantic hurricane activity for September and October 2005 and seasonal update through August, Forecast of Atlantic hurricane activity for October 2005 and seasonal update through September, The 2005 North Atlantic Hurricane Season A Climate Perspective, State of the Climate: Hurricanes and Tropical Storms – Annual 2005, North Atlantic Hurricane Basin (1851–2018) Comparison of Original and Revised HURDAT, "Why This Hurricane Season Isn't as Active as It Seems", Atlantic basin Comparison of Original and Revised HURDAT, "ENSO's Impact on Regional U.S. Hurricane Activity", "Multidecadal variability of Atlantic hurricane activity: 1851–2007", "Large-Scale Controls on Atlantic Tropical Cyclone Activity on Seasonal Time Scales", "Tropical Cyclone Formation in Environments with Cool SST and High Wind Shear over the Northeastern Atlantic Ocean*", "Will Hurricanes Change as the World Warms? 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