In 2009 the Nicaraguan Supreme Court lifted the constitutional ban that prevented presidents from serving consecutive terms, paving the way for Ortega’s reelection in 2011. THE NIGERIAN CIVIL WAR AND THE NICARAGUAN REVOLUTION BY AMBER BRAZZEL Nigerian Civil War Nicaraguan Revolution THE END CAUSES LONG TERM -declared independence from Spain in 1821 -U.S intervention in Nicaragua -"Thirty Years" -large gap between classes -Zelaya -Civil War … The Nicaraguan Civil War is more commonly known as the Nicaraguan Revolution. But Castro Ortez had the fortune of being named in a US-backed list of “political prisoners,” so the cold-blooded killer was freed in 2019, and unleashed on Nicaraguan society. These disinformation campaigns concerning “political prisoners” and Nicaragua’s crackdown on femicide are coordinated attacks in a larger information war against its democratically elected socialist government. Learn more, in Nicaragua’s Politics Are About More Than Just Ortega, Despite His Hold on Power for FREE with your subscription to World Politics Review. Legislators loyal to President Daniel Ortega pushed through the amendment with 70 votes in favor and 16 against. At least that’s how it looked on the surface. Release all political prisoners now unconditionally and cease harassing them and their families. By Nicaraguan civil society, July 09, 2020 . Our latest WPR report provides a comprehensive look at how these state-of-the-art tools are being harnessed by different governments around the world. 28 September 2020 ; Nicaraguan asylum seekers face hunger in Costa Rica or dangerous returns ... the Nicaraguan government address “structural tensions and problems” related to its disrespect for human rights and civil liberties. But in a matter of weeks, everything changed. Burning Aid: An Interventionist Deception on Colombia-Venezuela Bridge? On the morning of September 14, Nicaragua’s national police force arrested two suspects in the department of Masaya, just south of the capital Managua. There are ongoing disputes over land ownership, and Nicaragua continues to be dependent on foreign aid, mainly from the United States.Moreover, the country’s infrastructure was severely damaged in 1998 by Hurricane Mitch, which killed more than 1,800 Nicaraguans and destroyed several villages.  The US government institution launched this initiative nearly a decade ago in order to train opposition NGOs to destabilize the elected Sandinista government and eventually remove President Daniel Ortega from power. The power couple in Managua seemed perfectly safe. All rights reserved. International pressure on the Ortega administration has increased in recent weeks, but the situation in the country is still deteriorating, with tens of thousands of Nicaraguans having already fled into exile. Nicaraguan President Missing in Action for Nearly One Month and Counting. The aim of the program was to “undermin[e] the image of the Nicaraguan government at the beginning of the electoral process of 2016.” In the last two years, USAID audits, the most recent from August 2020, show that a further $2 million has been allocated under the same program. Download Surveillance, Control and Disinformation Technology today to take a deeper look at these trends and get a glimpse at what the future may hold. Now Nicaragua increasingly looks like a country on the brink of a breakdown. Photos of the explosives, guns, and drugs caught on the Nicaraguan former “political prisoner” Danny de los Ángeles García González Poll after poll shows Nicaragua’s elite right-wing opposition is extremely unpopular, with support from just around 10 percent of the population. The fact that much of the violence carried out by right-wing criminals has been directed at women is a source of particular concern for the Nicaraguan government. Students in Nicaragua are expected to hold new protests today. While these criminals have carried out egregious crimes, up to and including murder, especially targeting women, both the Donald Trump administration and the campaign of Democratic presidential candidate Joe Biden have repeatedly called for more supposed “political prisoners” to be released. United States Presidential Election, 2012 (President Ventura) United States Presidential Election 2012 (LLB'sWorld) United States Presidential Election 2016 (LLB'sWorld) President Daniel Ortega’s crackdown on protests has driven the country to the brink. Learn more about Daniel Ortega’s slide to dictatorship, the Sandinista National Liberation Front, and the threat of renewed conflict in the searchable library of World Politics Review (WPR): From spyware wielded by autocrats to expanded surveillance by police states under the cover of the coronavirus pandemic, new technologies are helping authoritarian governments entrench their power and target their critics. The ACD was a one of the main “civil society” organizations incubated as part of USAID’s Capacity Building for Civil Society Advocacy (CBCSA) program in Nicaragua. During the last Nicaraguan civil war, over 250,000 Nicaraguan refugees sought asylum in the United States. Anti-government protesters march outside Central American University, Managua, Nicaragua, Sept. 26, 2018 (AP photo by Alfredo Zuniga). Nicaraguan security forces published photos showing the men had 10 sets of explosives with detonators, along with two 38 caliber revolvers, and 12 pounds of marijuana. The United States, European Union, Organization of American States (OAS), and leading so-called “human rights” organizations have aggressively lobbied for the release of Nicaraguans who they claim are political prisoners. [SPECIAL OFFER: Want to learn more? And although violence against women is not nearly as widespread in Nicaragua as it is in Mexico or neighboring countries in Central America, femicide is still a concern, and the Sandinista government has tried to crack down hard on the problem. The contra War killed 30,000 Nicaraguans and tortured/raped 100,000 (1981-1988). #COVID19https://t.co/USRtIyptHa pic.twitter.com/Qxh2ZIcB1Z, — Luis Almagro (@Almagro_OEA2015) April 9, 2020. The security forces charged the men with trafficking of explosives, illegal possession of firearms, and drug trafficking. Stay on top of Nicaragua latest developments on the ground with Al Jazeera’s fact-based news, exclusive video footage, photos and updated maps. ... 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In December, attacks against the press and civil society intensified. To learn more, read What ‘Normalcy’ on Ortega’s Terms Looks Like in Nicaragua for FREE with your subscription to World Politics Review. 3 Min Read. By 1827 fortunes had changed again, and his cousin, Juan Arguello, was dictator. Editor's Note: This article was first published in October 2018 and is regularly updated. On this Feast Day of Our Lady of Mercy, I stand in solidarity with all defenders of human rights from Cuba, Nicaragua, and Venezuela â and pray for the freedom of all political prisoners. Investigators found evidence of systematic repression involving violations of due process and freedom of expression, arbitrary dismissal of civil servants, arbitrary detentions, enforced disappearances, torture and extrajudicial killings, amid various other violations. After the Great Solar Flare of 2020, the United Nations united together to … Meanwhile, the victims of the opposition’s criminal shock troops, like 22-year-old Ruth Aburto Acevedo, have been ignored and erased by Washington and its lobbyists in the human rights industry. The main purpose of the revolution was to overthrow the corrupt Somoza Dynasty who ruled Nicaragua from 1936 to 1979. Ortega dispelled the fake news when he appeared on April 15 to deliver a fiery televised speech in which he defended Nicaragua’s socialized healthcare system, called for world peace, and criticized the United States for spending so much money on war while its own citizens were dying due to a lack of healthcare. But Nicaragua’s right-wing media publications, many of which are funded by the US government, joined with mainstream Western corporate outlets in portraying the popular proposal to punish femicide as a purported attack on the opposition. Nicaraguan president missing in action for nearly one month and counting. A search of the Nicas Presos PolÃticos database that this opposition group maintains reveals that GarcÃa Gonzalez was listed. In fact, while these criminals are wreaking havoc, the State Department, the US embassy, and the right-wing coup-plotting leader of the OAS, Luis Almagro, have continued to constantly call for more so-called “political prisoners” in Nicaragua to be released. — Bureau of Democracy, Human Rights, and Labor (@StateDRL) June 17, 2020. The website describes his previous date of arrest, during the coup attempt in June 10, 2018, as the “date of kidnapping.”. https://t.co/3NaJNVv2af, — Bureau of Democracy, Human Rights, and Labor (@StateDRL) April 10, 2020, Comunicado de la SecretarÃa General de la @OEA_oficial sobre la situaciÃ³n de presos polÃticos en #Nicaragua. Yet many democracies are also using these same technologies in troubling ways. Nicaragua has the fifth-highest rate of gender equality in the world, and the smallest gender gap in all of the Americas, according to a 2018 report by the World Economic Forum. Get full access to World Politics Review for just $12 for 12 weeks and read all the articles linked here to get up to speed on this important issue.]. We applaud @oas General Secretariatâs April 9 call for âthe government of #Nicaragua to release all political prisoners in light of â#COVID19 . In late January 2019, the Nicaraguan government announced it was implementing the very reforms that triggered the widespread protests last year and led to a brutal government crackdown. For treatment of earlier periods and of the country in its regional context, see Central America. With your copy of Surveillance, Control and Disinformation Technology you’ll also gain free registration to the WPR newsletter, delivering uncompromising news and analysis directly to your inbox. The Grayzone’s Ben Norton interviewed relatives of Aburto Acevedo at her family home in Jinotepe, Nicaragua, and they said Castro Ortez was an “animal” and a “psychopath” who had killed people in the tranques â the bloody barricades that epitomized the 2018 coup attempt â and should never have been let out of prison. 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But in 2016, most Nicaraguans, including 82 percent of self-identified independent voters polled at the time, believed they lived in a “free democracy.” With policymakers, analysts and academics fixated on the procedural aspects of democracy, Nicaraguans were more concerned with government responsiveness. The ACD is bankrolled by Washington’s soft-power arm the United States Agency for International Development (USAID). The US State Department relies on the ComitÃ© Pro LiberaciÃ³n de Presos PolÃticos’ data in its own reports on “human rights” in Nicaragua. Learn more, in Nicaragua’s Crisis Shows No Signs of Abating for FREE with your subscription to World Politics Review. Can Nicaragua’s Military Prevent a Civil War? Sierra Leone Civil War Angolan Civil War Nicaraguan Civil War Yugoslav Wars Iran-Iraq War Initially, the United Nations had over 100 thousand troops it could call in when needed. The current violent repression of anti-government protests leaves little room for doubt that Nicaragua’s economic successes have come at the expense of democracy. But with loads of cash pouring in from the US government, it has resorted to spreading fake news and destabilizing the country with sporadic acts of violence. In January 2020, the nefarious potential of such technology was vividly demonstrated when the heir to the Saudi kingdom apparently used Israeli-made spyware to breach the personal phone of the world’s richest man, who owns a leading American newspaper and runs one of the world’s most valuable publicly traded companies. A move of economic necessity, it also appeared to be another sign of President Daniel Ortega’s renewed confidence in power, despite international outcries over his government’s repression, which has resulted in 325 confirmed deaths and the arrests of more than 600 dissidents since last spring, among other abuses. Marred by acts of shocking sadism by Nicaragua’s opposition, the bloody putsch had the full backing of Washington and the OAS, which actively support Nicaragua’s opposition and automatically consider any right-wingers detained to be political prisoners. And as The Grayzone revealed, USAID appears to be gearing up for another coup attempt against the Sandinista governmentÂ under the auspices of a new program called Responsive Assistance in Nicaragua (RAIN). . The majority of the leftist ruling party, the Sandinista National Liberation Front (FSLN), consists of women, and it has strongly emphasized the importance of women in the revolutionary movement. Key Mueller witness exposes key Russiagate lies, As Trump rejects US election, Biden signals continued regime change abroad, UK Labour civil war? Your FREE registration includes access to select articles, early announcements, and periodic discounts on our full-service subscription. Wilfredo Miranda, a staunchly right-wing opposition activist and frequent contributor to The Guardian and Univision, published an article in Spain’s major newspaper El PaÃs with a wildly misleading headline claiming, “Ortega is pushing life imprisonment against the opposition for ‘hate crimes’ in Nicaragua.”. At a time when the international order is being challenged and decades-old conflicts appear to be in flux, perhaps it isn’t a surprise that anti-government protests in an impoverished Central American country initially fell under the radar last year. And the US embassy, OAS, Human Rights Watch, and Amnesty International have uncritically used these directories to pressure the Nicaraguan government to free everyone named. Find out more when you subscribe to World Politics Review (WPR). Post-Sandinista era His website is BenNorton.comÂ and he tweets at @BenjaminNorton. As of June 28, the death toll in Nicaragua has reached 285, with more than 1,500 wounded. In its press release on the arrests, the Nicaraguan police noted that Danny de los Ãngeles GarcÃa Gonzalez had previously been arrested, during the 2018 coup attempt, and had been charged with conspiracy to commit terrorism and possession of restricted firearms. During Nicaragua's devastating civil war in ... (COVID-19), walks by a mural depicting Nicaraguan President Daniel Ortega, in Managua, Nicaragua March 30, 2020. Ortega’s crackdown has Nicaragua at the brink of a breakdown. See more ideas about Civil war, Nicaraguan, War. President Ortega subsequently said the courts would discuss the potential reform. Latest News & Top Stories. But GarcÃa Gonzalez was later freed in February 2019, due to the Nicaraguan amnesty law that had been aggressively demanded by the right-wing opposition and its foreign patrons in the United States, European Union, OAS, and NGOs like Human Rights Watch and Amnesty International. Since these mass pardons were issued, numerous former detainees who had been individually named in the US-endorsed “political prisoners” lists have returned to their violent ways, and have been arrested again for severe crimes, including murder, rape, and alleged terror plotting. Social unrest has revived painful memories of the Nicaraguan civil war. Picture taken March 30, 2020. @BenjaminNorton traveled to Jinotepe, Nicaragua to report the shocking story of how the US and OAS lobbied for the release of violent criminals behind a 2018 coup attempt, One man they called a "political prisoner" stabbed his pregnant girlfriend to deathhttps://t.co/6fA6TZOgmO, — The Grayzone (@TheGrayzoneNews) February 28, 2020. In addition to the human toll and the erosion of the rule of law, the crisis has created serious problems for Ortega, who once enjoyed the highest approval ratings of any president in the hemisphere. By Ismael Lopez. Much of this violence has targeted women. 5 This instability plunged Nicaraguan citizens into poverty that has been largely inescapable to this day. © 2020, World Politics Review LLC. Another US-funded opposition NGO, the Observatorio de Derechos Humanos Nicaragua (Nicaragua Observatory of Human Rights), also included this alleged terror plotter GarÃa GonzÃ¡lez in its list of “presxs polÃticxs”. After all, the former Marxist rebel, who overthrew a despised, corrupt regime back in the late 1970s and fought a U.S.-backed militia in the 1980s, has rewritten the constitution to make it possible to remain in power, while packing the courts and election boards and securing control of all the levers of power. His Sandinista National Liberation Front (FSLN) succeeded in expanding its base while other parties declined. Much of this was due to his economic and social policies. The man was caught with explosives and illegal firearms, and was allegedly plotting terror attacks against his country’s elected, UN-recognized government. May 29, 2020 - Explore Jason Greene's board "Nicaraguan Civil War 1979-90", followed by 790 people on Pinterest. In fact, the accused terrorist Danny de los Ãngeles GarcÃa Gonzalez was named in a list that was compiled by the Washington-backed ComitÃ© Pro LiberaciÃ³n de Presos PolÃticos (Committee Pro-Liberation of Political Prisoners), a Nicaraguan NGO that is closely allied with major opposition group the Alianza CÃvica por la Justicia y la Democracia (Civic Alliance for Justice and Democracy), which was created during the 2018 coup attempt under direct supervision of the US government. But authoritarian countries are not alone: This technology is now being harnessed for law enforcement and surveillance purposes in many democracies. 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