. The High Priest would ask God a question, reach into the breastplate, and pull our either a “yes” or a “no.”, iii. You have dealt treacherously: Saul blamed the people for what was really his own fault. The earth quaked, so that it was a very great trembling: Jonathan used his heart and sword, but God did what Jonathan could not do – send a great earthquake to terrify the Philistines. First, the oath itself and the penalty on the oath breaker were simply bad and foolish laws and should not have been enforced. 3. For nothing restrains the LORD from saving by many or by few: This is wise courage in God. They melted away like snow before the sun, and. We want God to do a great work, so we should fast today. The writer of 1 and 2 Samuel probably got most of his information from these accounts. Or, it may be that Jonathan, , because he believed his father would have simply said “no.”, : This was a big contrast to Jonathan. They probably used the Urim and Thummim as the way to cast the lot. By proceeding, you consent to our cookie usage. 1 Samuel 14:6 resumes the thread of the narrative by a repetition of Jonathan’s words. Under the pomegranate-tree which is in Migron. Saul is probably trying to look spiritual here, but there was nothing to seek God about. i. Faith is willing to let God know the whole plan, and to know our part one step at a time. Jonathan had little faith in himself but great faith in God. No matter what Saul’s motive was, this was foolish. ii. But the people said to Saul, “Shall Jonathan die, who has accomplished this great deliverance in Israel? Saul showed that even in doing something spiritual like fasting his focus is on. The armor bearer helped the officer in battle and in the administration of the army. . Now Saul said, “Let us go down after the Philistines by night, and plunder them until the morning light; and let us not leave a man of them.” And they said, “Do whatever seems good to you.” Then the priest said, “Let us draw near to God here.” So Saul asked counsel of God, “Shall I go down after the Philistines? food until evening, before I have taken vengeance on my enemies.” So none of the people tasted food. Now there was fierce war with the Philistines all the days of Saul. Jonathan proposed that he and his armor bearer reveal themselves to the Philistines. of the land came to a forest; and there was honey on the ground. with him assembled, and they went to the battle; and indeed every man’s sword was against his neighbor, very great confusion. They knew that Jonathan worked with the LORD that day, not against the LORD. But the people did not know that Jonathan had gone. And the names of his two daughters were these: the name of the firstborn Merab, and the name of the younger Michal. Imagine Saul’s shock when the lot indicated that he and Jonathan were the guilty group! The vivid detail marks the account of one familiar with the spot. Instead, he was probably worried about who was leading the battle and who would get the credit. The bold, brave, king was simply sitting… under a pomegranate tree while his son boldly went over to the Philistine garrison. These Hebrew servants of the Philistines probably hated their masters but were afraid to stand free in the LORD. Come up after me, for the LORD had delivered them into the hand of Israel. On this occasion, the priest probably started inquiring of the LORD with this question: “LORD, do you want to speak to us today?” Because we are told. b. Jonathan knew God wanted to work with someone, that God would rain down fire from heaven on the Philistines. Now they had driven back the Philistines that day from Michmash to Aijalon. They only came out for Israel when victory was assured. It is an invisible power that sets bounds to the malice of the church’s enemies, and suffers them not to do that which we should think there is nothing to hinder them from.II. (31-35) The soldiers of Israel sin because of Saul’s foolish command. Saul showed that even in doing something spiritual like fasting his focus is on himself, not the LORD. New American Standard Version. Jonathan could have just prayed that God would rain down fire from heaven on the Philistines. 1. the Philistines' garrison--"the standing camp" ( 1 Samuel 13:23, Margin) "in the passage of Michmash" ( 1 Samuel 13:16), now Wady Es-Suweinit. This was the first altar that he built to the LORD. Chapter 14. Loyalty is the greatest asset of any L eader both in times of crisis and in prosperity. d. My father has troubled the land: Perhaps Jonathan should not have said this. So the LORD saved Israel that day, and the battle shifted to Beth Aven. Certainly not! : Saul wanted to find the wrong doer by the casting of lots. Let’s just pray instead.” If we only want victory or only want to be used by God when it is. He did not have the authority to proclaim such a curse and he was not the spiritual leader of the nation. c. For as the LORD lives, who saves Israel, though it be in Jonathan my son, he shall surely die: This shows how sure Saul was that he was right. King Saul just wanted to sit under a pomegranate tree. . But this will always prompt you to accept/refuse cookies when revisiting our site. But God will often do miracles – what He alone can do – if we will do what, Now the watchmen of Saul in Gibeah of Benjamin looked, and, was the multitude, melting away; and they went here and there. By many or few: The odds were already against Israel. : God really used Jonathan, but it wasn’t Jonathan’s victory. with his pseudo-spiritual command to fast. i. It is, however, much more. But Jonathan knew that God uses the bold action and fighting spirit of His people. There was a sense in which he was undercutting his father’s authority before the troops. God guided Jonathan as he boldly trusted God and acted on that bold trust. He had a large and influential family. We fully respect if you want to refuse cookies but to avoid asking you again and again kindly allow us to store a cookie for that. The Israelites are overcome by the Philistines at Ebenezer. Imagine Saul’s shock when the lot indicated that he and Jonathan were the guilty group! . Click to enable/disable Google reCaptcha. A chapter by chapter and verse by verse study of 1 Samuel taught by Pastor Paul LeBoutillier of Calvary Chapel Ontario, Oregon. : Jonathan, in his bold trust in the LORD, had just struck a mighty blow against the Philistines. The bold, brave, king was simply. Seneh" (1 Samuel 14:4). The sons of Saul were Jonathan, Jishui and Malchishua. This was not the same as Gideon’s setting of a fleece (Judges 6:36-40). If they say thus to us, ‘Wait until we come to you,’ then we will stand still in our place and not go up to them. Get a … Not a man among all the people answered him. And Saul said to Ahijah, “Bring the ark of God here” (for at that time the ark of God was with the children of Israel). ii. ii. 1 Samuel 14 – Victory Over the Philistines A. Jonathan’s adventure in faith. , we won’t see much victory and we won’t be used much. Wherever he turned, he harassed them: Saul’s strength was broad but shallow. Instead of admitting that the commandment and death sentence were foolish, Saul hardened his foolishness and declared “God do so and more also; for you shall surely die, Jonathan.”. : The implication in this phrase is that the victory might have been greater if not for Saul’s foolish oath. Then Saul said to Jonathan, “Tell me what you have done.” And Jonathan told him, and said, “I only tasted a little honey with the end of the rod that, in my hand. But he told not his father." There was the multitude, melting away: As the watchmen of Israel kept an eye on the huge army of the Philistines, the army started to melt away as they watched. We have here an account of the distress of the children of Israel, even in the day of their triumphs. 1 and 2 Samuel form one book in the ancient Hebrew manuscripts. Benson Commentary 1 Samuel 16:14. The Israeli army was hot on the pursuit of the fleeing Philistines. Then he said to all Israel, “You be on one side, and my son Jonathan and I will be on the other side.” And the people said to Saul, “Do what seems good to you.” Therefore Saul said to the LORD God of Israel, “Give a perfect lot.” So Saul and Jonathan were taken, but the people escaped. Likewise all the men of Israel who had hidden in the mountains of Ephraim, when they heard that the Philistines fled, they also followed hard after them in the battle. 2. GodRules Store: Bargains; New Releases; Best Sellers ; Your Own Online Business News/Reviews: World News ; Movie Reviews ; Book Search Are you a Christian? 8-10. If the Israelites had no swords, the LORD would use the swords of the Philistines against the Philistines. And Saul was sitting in the outskirts of Gibeah under a pomegranate tree which. And when the people had come into the woods, there was the honey, dripping; but no one put his hand to his mouth, for the people feared the oath. It wasn’t “I can win a great victory with God’s help.” It was “God can win a great victory through even me.”. For as the LORD lives, who saves Israel, though it be in Jonathan my son, he shall surely die.” But not a man among all the people answered him. The book of 1 Samuel records a major change from the time of the judges to *Israel’s first king. d. The men of Israel were distressed that day: This shows that the result among the army of Israel was wrong. The use of the discerning tools of Urim and Thummim is described on a few occasions (Exodus 28:30, Numbers 27:21, 1 Samuel 28:6; Ezra 2:63, Nehemiah 7:65) and their use may be implied in other passages where Israel sought God (Judges 1:1 and Judges 20:18, 23). Second, Jonathan broke the oath in ignorance. But Jonathan had not heard his father charge the people with the oath. 1Sa 14:1-14. Probably, God wants us to associate the meaning of Ichabod’s name with where Saul is at spiritually. seems almost unnecessary. right in front of their eyes. Click to enable/disable Google Analytics tracking. And Saul was sitting in the outskirts of Gibeah under a pomegranate tree which is in Migron. If there were anything to say, it would have been best to say it to his father directly. He did not answer him that day: Saul inquired of the LORD through the priest. A. They separated the people into two groups, and then selected one group by a “low” or “high” roll of something like dice. Now it happened one day that Jonathan the son of Saul said to the young man who bore his armor, “Come, let us go over to the Philistines’ garrison that, on the other side.” But he did not tell his father. out of a desire for personal glory. Get a Copy of This KJV Bible - https: ... "The men-which had hid themselves" - See 1 Samuel xiii. iii. You always can block or delete cookies by changing your browser settings and force blocking all cookies on this website. (1Sa 14:45-46) The people rescue Jonathan from execution. Due to security reasons we are not able to show or modify cookies from other domains. “It was not Jonathan that was to work with some help from God; it was the Lord that was to work by Jonathan.” (Blaikie). Jonathan’s faith was demonstrated by his works. i. Saul was willing to kill his son rather than to humbly admit that he was really at fault. 1. Jonathan was prompted by faith. He pronounced a death sentence on whoever ate in violation of his forced vow. And the names of his two daughters, : the name of the firstborn Merab, and the name of the younger Michal. 1. Samuel, though loath, tells Eli the vision. And God provided, No one put his hand to his mouth, for the people feared the oath. These cookies collect information that is used either in aggregate form to help us understand how our website is being used or how effective our marketing campaigns are, or to help us customize our website and application for you in order to enhance your experience. But Jonathan said, “My father has troubled the land. 14:1-15 Saul seems to have been quite at a loss, and unable to help himself. Now the watchmen of Saul in Gibeah of Benjamin looked, and there was the multitude, melting away; and they went here and there. 8. That first slaughter which Jonathan and his armorbearer made was about twenty men within about half an acre of land. There came a day in his life when Jonathan decided life was too precious to waste. Ahijah the son of Ahitub, Ichabod’s brother, the son of Phinehas, the son of Eli, the LORD’s priest in Shiloh, was wearing an ephod. He had a large and influential family. Or, it may be that Jonathan deliberatelydid not tell his father, because he believed his father would have simply said “no.”. ). The following cookies are also needed - You can choose if you want to allow them: You can read about our cookies and privacy settings in detail on our Privacy Policy Page. ii. Now Saul said, “Let us go down after the Philistines by night, and plunder them until the morning light; and let us not leave a man of them.” And they said, “Do whatever seems good to you.” Then the priest said, “Let us draw near to God here.” So Saul asked counsel of God, “Shall I go down after the Philistines? All the people loved and respected Jonathan and they knew that Saul was in the wrong. The people who were with him were about six hundred men. Look, the Hebrews are coming out of the holes where they have hidden. Why would we need to know that the priest with Saul, ? CHAPTER 14. Come up after me, for the LORD had delivered them into the hand of Israel: At this exciting moment God confirmed Jonathan’s bold trust with this sign, and he knew God would do something great. : On his way to the Philistine garrison, Jonathan saw a strategic position – a narrow path through a pass with large, sharp rocks on either side. There is nothing wrong with fasting itself, but this wasn’t the right day. Jonathan Miraculously Smites the Philistines' Garrison. b. He prayed, made sure his sword was sharp, and trusted God would use him to strike them all down. If there were anything to say, it would have been best to say it to his father directly. So the people were very faint. Such alloys are all present joys subject to. i. Jonathan perhaps thought of Shamgar and how Judges 3:31 described Shamgar’s victory over 600 Philistines with a sharp stick. Between the passes… there was a sharp rock on one side and a sharp rock on the other side: On his way to the Philistine garrison, Jonathan saw a strategic position – a narrow path through a pass with large, sharp rocks on either side. He needed the energy to fight, and here it was, provided by God. The front of one faced northward opposite Michmash, and the other southward opposite Gibeah. Verse-by-Verse Bible Commentary 1 Samuel 14:4. I have walked before you from my youth until this day. iii. (45-46) The people rescue Jonathan from execution. Go then; here I am with you, according to your heart.”. It may be that the LORD will work for us: For Jonathan, this was more than a reconnaissance expedition. We left the host of Israel in a very ill posture, in the close of the foregoing chapter; we saw in them no wisdom, nor strength, nor goodness, to give us ground to expect any other than that they should all be cut off by the army of the Philistines; yet here we find that infinite power which works without means, and that infinite goodness which gives without merit, glorified in a happy turn to their affairs, that still Samuel’s words may be made good: "The Lord will not forsake his people, for his great name’s sake,’’ (. They needed energy to continue the pursuit and finish the battle. Now it was the job of the army of Israel, under King Saul, to finish the job by striking down the fleeing Philistine army. This also shows that Saul’s promised punishment was wrong. 2 Saul was staying on the outskirts of Gibeah under a pomegranate tree in Migron. Saul should go and fight the Philistines at this strategic moment. iii. Look now, how my countenance has brightened because I tasted a little of this honey. Now he follows God and Jonathan into battle. Saul and the Amalekites (1 Samuel 15:1-35) 13. The Designation of David as King (1 Samuel 16:1-23) 14. On this occasion, the priest probably started inquiring of the LORD with this question: “LORD, do you want to speak to us today?” Because we are told He did not answer him that day, the stone that indicated “no” kept being drawn out. Now he follows God and Jonathan into battle. : This was useless at the moment. Numbers or odds did not restrain God, but unbelief could. they heard that the Philistines fled, they also followed hard after them in the battle. It happened one day: At the beginning, there was nothing in this day to indicate it would be remarkable. But the people said to Saul, “Shall Jonathan die, who has accomplished this great deliverance in Israel? The garrison and the raiders also trembled; and the earth quaked, so that it was a very great trembling. a. And the men of Israel were distressed that day, for Saul had placed the people under oath, saying, “Cursed is the man who eats any food until evening, before I have taken vengeance on my enemies.” So none of the people tasted food. g. The people did not know that Jonathan was gone: This indicates that Jonathan did not go over to the Philistine garrison out of a desire for personal glory. But God will often do miracles – what He alone can do – if we will do what we can do. 1 Samuel 14:15 Or a terrible panic; 1 Samuel 14:18 Hebrew; Septuagint “Bring the ephod.” (At that time he wore the ephod before the Israelites.) Faith is willing to let God know the whole plan, and to know our part one step at a time. with Saul and Jonathan. Please see our Privacy Policy for cookie usage details. And the people rushed on the spoil, and took sheep, oxen, and calves, and slaughtered them on the ground; and the people ate them with the blood. Saul offered sacrifice without Samuel, and did it himself, though he was neither priest nor prophet. The name of Saul’s wife was Ahinoam the daughter of Ahimaaz. the son of Abiel. ©2018 David Guzik – No distribution beyond personal use without permission. b. Because Saul was not a man after God’s own heart and because his own relationship with God was more about image than substance, his kingdom cannot last. Jonathan didn’t hear about the fast and ate some honey and later on, he wished Saul didn’t call a fast because the mere taste of honey gave him much more energy to fight. 6-7. The names Urim and Thummim mean “Lights and Perfections.” We aren’t sure what they were or how they were used. Instead, he was probably worried about who was leading the battle and who would get the credit. Jonathan did not doubt a word from God; he doubted his own heart and mind. So the people were very faint. It was the LORD’s victory. Commentaries, history books, and more are linked to this page. ii. And Saul said, “Come over here, all you chiefs of the people, and know and see what this sin was today. BIBLE STUDY Matthew 1 SAMUEL. Saul’s strength was broad over many areas. There were about 600 men with Saul. Then they told Saul, saying, “Look, the people are sinning against the LORD by eating with the blood!” So he said, “You have dealt treacherously; roll a large stone to me this day.” And Saul said, “Disperse yourselves among the people, and say to them, ‘Bring me here every man’s ox and every man’s sheep, slaughter them here, and eat; and do not sin against the LORD by eating with the blood.’” So every one of the people brought his ox with him that night, and slaughtered it there. Jonathan climbed up on his hands and knees with his armorbearer after him, : This was a difficult climb. iii. Saul’s royal glory is almost gone, and it is appropriate that he associates with a relative of the man named “The Glory Has Departed.”. 6. God had a trusting partner in Jonathan. There are at least three reasons why it was right to spare Jonathan, even though he broke the oath. He was so sure that he pronounced another oath. As the LORD lives, not one hair of his head shall fall to the ground, for he has worked with God this day: Happily, the people finally stood up to Saul’s foolishness. on a day when they should have been strong. Actually, the opposite is true. We need 2 cookies to store this setting. The naming of such landmarks has continued throughout history. They continued to narrow the selected group until they found the one. Verse 1. It was. . Israel was hopelessly outnumbered and demoralized. So Saul established his sovereignty over Israel, and fought against all his enemies on every side, against Moab, against the people of Ammon, against Edom, against the kings of Zobah, and against the Philistines. (24) Saul compels the army of Israel under an oath. There was a sense in which he was undercutting his father’s authority before the troops. Often, we wait around for God to do what, can do. 1 Samuel 14 Commentary, One of over 110 Bible commentaries freely available, this commentary provides notes on all 66 books of the Bible, and contain more than 7,000 pages of material “God is ever on the outlook for believing souls, who will receive his power and grace on the one hand, and transmit them on the other. The strength of Saul’s army grew (when Saul saw any strong man or any valiant man, he took him for himself). The *prophets also wrote accounts of events. Because of his command. He proposed, as soon as his soldiers had got their suppers, to pursue them all night, and, Here is a general account of Saul’s court and camp. i. On the surface, this sounds so spiritual. Then Saul built an altar to the LORD. Plug in, Turn on and Be En light ened! Their obedience to Saul’s foolish command led them to disobey God’s clearly declared command. Saul should have sought the, : Saul inquired of the LORD through the priest. Jonathan’s bold faith in God had much more to do with the victory on that day than Saul’s foolish oath. 1Sa 3:11-14. Then Saul said to the people who were with him, “Now call the roll and see who has gone from us.” And when they had called the roll, surprisingly, Jonathan and his armorbearer were not there. There was trembling in the camp, in the field, and among all the people: It seems that the Philistines were under a divine confusion and they woke that morning thinking “We are attacked by enemies in our midst!” They rushed about thinking their fellow Philistines might be the enemy and began to fight and kill one another. Wherever he turned, he harassed, . And Saul said to Ahijah, “Bring the ark of God here” (for at that time the ark of God was with the children of Israel). Moreover the Hebrews who were with the Philistines before that time… also joined the Israelites. Click to enable/disable _ga - Google Analytics Cookie. 1Sa 4:3-9. Legalistic rules lead us into sin because they either provoke our rebellion or they lead us into legalistic pride. When the morale and the physical energy of Israel should have been the strongest, the army was weak and discouraged. Gibeah ( 1 Samuel 14:16) is the city Gibeah in Benjamin, whither also Samuel had gone from Gilgal ( 1 Samuel 13:15) back of Geba towards the south, yet with its extremity ( 1 Samuel 14:16) not so far from the pass of the southward-trending Wady, that the movements in the ranks of the Philistines opposite could not be thence observed. That day, no one would be thinking much about Jonathan because their hunger would always remind them of Saul’s curse. When charged with disobedience, he justified himself in what he had done, and gave no sign of repentance for it. . Now it happened one day that Jonathan the son of Saul said to the young man who bore his armor, “Come, let us go over to the Philistines’ garrison that is on the other side.” 1 Samuel 14 1 One day Jonathan son of Saul said to his young armor-bearer, “Come, let’s go over to the Philistine outpost on the other side.” But he did not tell his father. They separated the people into two groups, and then selected one group by a “low” or “high” roll of something like dice. If that were his motive, he would have told at least a few people that he went. The Israeli army was hot on the pursuit of the fleeing Philistines. The Philistines were, by the power of God, set against one another. God had a trusting partner in Jonathan. 5. , the stone that indicated “no” kept being drawn out. . King Saul had indeed troubled the land with his pseudo-spiritual command to fast. : It seems that the Philistines were under a divine confusion and they woke that morning thinking “We are attacked by enemies in our midst!” They rushed about thinking their fellow Philistines might be the enemy and began to fight and kill one another. Jonathan was Saul's son. And Saul said, “Cast, between my son Jonathan and me.” So Jonathan was taken. i. Second, Jonathan broke the oath in ignorance. They were weak and distracted and the victory was diminished. So Saul asked counsel of God: This was good. may be restrained by our unbelief. Now it happened, while Saul talked to the priest, that the noise which was in the camp of the Philistines continued to increase; so Saul said to the priest, “Withdraw your hand.”. The people rushed on the spoil… and the people ate them with the blood: God specifically commanded Israel that they should always properly drain the blood from an animal before they butchered it (Deuteronomy 12:23-25). With Explore the Bible, groups can expect to engage Scripture in its proper context and be better prepared to live it out in their own context. Click to enable/disable essential site cookies. But he was so caught up in being “right” that he added this foolish vow to his previous foolish commandment. a. 1 Samuel 14:5. When we step out in faith, encouragement can make all the difference for good and discouragement can make all the difference for evil. Will You deliver them into the hand of Israel?” But He did not answer him that day. Many in Israel probably believed this as theological truth but few believed it enough to do something. (11-14) Jonathan and his armor bearer attack the Philistines. We provide you with a list of stored cookies on your computer in our domain so you can check what we stored. : In his step of faith, Jonathan wanted to know if God was really leading. Read 1 Samuel 14 commentary using Matthew Henry Commentary on the Whole Bible (Complete). : Saul was the leader of Israel, but it took him a long time to start leading. We want God to do a great work, so we should fast today. : This indicates that Jonathan took the support of his armor bearer as confirmation. Because Saul was not a man after God’s own heart and because his own relationship with God was more about image than substance, his kingdom cannot last. Saul put the army of Israel under an oath, so, battle, he should simply fast himself. c. Go then; here I am with you: These words from Jonathan’s armor bearer must have cheered Jonathan greatly. This is always the result of legalism. 1 Samuel 14:1 "Now it came to pass upon a day, that Jonathan the son of Saul said unto the young man that bare his armor, Come, and let us go over to the Philistines' garrison, that [is] on the other side. i. But on this day, God would win a great victory through the bold trust of Jonathan. Note that blocking some types of cookies may impact your experience on our websites and the services we are able to offer. : Perhaps Jonathan should not have said this. It was reasonable for the Philistines to think these were Hebrew deserters surrendering to the Philistines because they thought it was better than hiding in a hole. On this day of battle against the Philistines Saul declared a curse: “Cursed is the man who eats any food until evening, before I have taken vengeance on my enemies.”, . At least Saul did some of what was right after he did what was wrong. A few men could easily fight against a much larger number at this strategic place. Look, the Hebrews are coming out of the holes where they have hidden: At this time of crisis the Israelites hid anywhere they could (1 Samuel 13:6). It was the LORD’s victory. C. Once again the Lord miraculously saved Israel, (1 Samuel 14:23). Please be aware that this might heavily reduce the functionality and appearance of our site. He prayed, made sure his sword was sharp, and trusted God would use him to strike them all down. The next chapter will fully expose the weakness of Saul. They are just as important in getting God’s work done as the man God uses. Now it was the job of the army of Israel, under King Saul, to finish the job by striking down the fleeing Philistine army. Saul is probably trying to look spiritual here, but there was nothing to seek God about. They only came out for Israel when victory was assured. there. : This was good. Now they had driven back the Philistines that day from Michmash to Aijalon. 300 Bible study articles that explain clearly every verse in 1 Samuel. Saul started out as a humble man (1 Samuel 10:21), but his once impressive humility was overtaken by pride. Yet Jonathan was bold enough to. Jonathan knew God wanted to use someone. Now it came to pass upon a day, that Jonathan the son of Saul said unto the young man that bare his armour, Come, and let us go over to the Philistines' garrison, that is on the other side. For the LORD has delivered them into our hand, and this will be a sign to us.”. He proposed a test based on the response of the Philistine guards. Jonathan never read the New Testament, but he had a Romans 8:31 heart: : These words from Jonathan’s armor bearer must have cheered Jonathan greatly. As the LORD lives, not one hair of his head shall fall to the ground, for he has worked with God this day, : Happily, the people finally stood up to Saul’s foolishness. Certainly not! Very well: This indicates that Jonathan took the support of his armor bearer as confirmation. All the people loved and respected Jonathan and they knew that Saul was in the wrong. He did not have the authority to proclaim such a curse and he was not the spiritual leader of the nation. He might have said, “I’m fasting today before the LORD. Jonathan wanted to act if the Lord would work for them. This will be a sign to us: In his step of faith, Jonathan wanted to know if God was really leading. i. Jonathan showed wisdom and not unbelief. b. And the Philistines went to their own place: The implication in this phrase is that the victory might have been greater if not for Saul’s foolish oath. . When Jonathan saw God’s confirming sign, he didn’t lay down his sword and start praying that God would strike them all down. 6. He was so sure that he pronounced. We often think that legalistic rules will keep people from sin. Then one of the people said, “Your father strictly charged the people with an oath, saying, ‘Cursed, the man who eats food this day.’” And the people were faint. It was Saul’s day to fast, not the LORD’s day to fast. Saul was very good at making religious oaths and promises. Then Saul said to Jonathan, “Tell me what you have done.” And Jonathan told him, and said, “I only tasted a little honey with the end of the rod that was in my hand. For the LORD has delivered them into our hand, and this. Finally, God’s approval was evident from His great blessing on Jonathan (, And the Philistines went to their own place. Salem Media Group. “Jonathan” was the eldest son of Saul, the first king of Israel, of the tribe of Benjamin. a. (4-5) Jonathan finds a strategic position. Scriptures: 1 Samuel 14. So, he told the priest. They were all tired and hungry. Jonathan’s faith was demonstrated by his works. One day, Jonathan said to the young man, ‘We will go across to the Philistine army on the other side.’ But Jonathan did not tell his father. was really at fault. . a. Between the passes… there was a sharp rock on one side and a sharp rock on the other side. God was going to use Jonathan, but He wasn’t going to use Jonathan. These cookies are strictly necessary to provide you with services available through our website and to use some of its features. 7. Finally, God’s approval was evident from His great blessing on Jonathan (he has worked with God today). God was just waiting for someone with the bold trust of Jonathan. He may choose not to act until we partner with Him in trust. a. i. The son of Saul believed if the entire company ate they would have destroyed more Philistines completely. For now would there not have been a much greater slaughter among the Philistines?”, : This was provision from God. But the Spirit of the Lord departed from Saul.] There was honey on the ground: This was provision from God. God was more than able to set the Philistines against each other. On this day of battle, because of Saul’s foolish command, the people were so hungry they broke this command. Check to enable permanent hiding of message bar and refuse all cookies if you do not opt in. Jonathan knew God wanted to work with someone. “It was not Jonathan that was to work with some help from God; it was the Lord that was to work by Jonathan.” (Blaikie), For nothing restrains the LORD from saving by many or by few, : This is wise courage in God. ; or, as we should say, And it happened one day that Jonathan. iii. Jonathan had a loyal helper. Of his court and family, the names of his sons and daughters (, Matthew Henry Commentary on the Whole Bible (Complete), California - Do Not Sell My Personal Information. d. Not a man among all the people answered him: The people knew Jonathan ate the honey, and Saul’s sentence of death on anyone who had eaten must have sent a chill up their back. He fought many successful wars. The armor bearer helped the officer in battle and in the administration of the army. Then Jonathan said, “Very well, let us cross over to, men, and we will show ourselves to them. He needed the energy to fight, and here it was, provided by God. the LORD lives, not one hair of his head shall fall to the ground, for he has worked with God this day.” So the people rescued Jonathan, and he did not die. Ahijah the son of Ahitub, Ichabod’s brother. Did it matter if it was a million-to-one or a thousand-to-one? Samuel’s Farewell Address. Then he said to all Israel, “You be on one side, and my son Jonathan and I will be on the other side.” And the people said to Saul, “Do what seems good to you.” Therefore Saul said to the LORD God of Israel, “Give a perfect, .” So Saul and Jonathan were taken, but the people escaped. Because these cookies are strictly necessary to deliver the website, refuseing them will have impact how our site functions. c. Bring the ark of God here: This was useless at the moment. And he gathered an army and attacked the Amalekites, and delivered Israel from the hands of those who plundered them. 1 Samuel Chapter 14 Summary. - Now it came to pass upon a day. Jonathan sought to go over to the Philistines’ garrison, Come, let us go over to the Philistines’ garrison that is on the other side. Ahijah the son of Ahitub, Ichabod’s brother, the son of Phinehas, the son of Eli, the LORD’s priest in Shiloh, was wearing an ephod. He was willing to take it one step at a time, and let God plan it out. Of the weakness of Saul, who seems here to have been quite at a loss, and unable to help himself. 6. 1 Samuel 14 Commentary, One of over 110 Bible commentaries freely available, this nine-volume commentary, respected by legions of devoted students, still ring with timeless truth The name of Saul’s wife, Ahinoam the daughter of Ahimaaz. Instead, he followed the bold hope and impression of his heart. It didn’t matter if the Philistines greatly outnumbered the Israelites and had far better weapons. 1 Samuel 14King James Version (KJV) 14 Now it came to pass upon a day, that Jonathan the son of Saul said unto the young man that bare his armour, Come, and let us go over to the Philistines' garrison, that is on the other side. Certainly not! (40-44) Jonathan is implicated by the casting of lots. Wherever he turned, he harassed them. It was certainly heavy handed to say, “, .” If Saul wanted to call for a voluntary fast, that was one thing. In 1 Samuel 14, we discover that Jonathan was an incredible soldier who possessed an amazing faith in the LORD. : It seems that many in Israel had the insecure heart of Saul. Seizing God’s Opportunities 1 Samuel 14:1-15 John Wycliffe lived 200 years before the Protestant Reformation, which ushered in a belief system that moved the church away from Roman Catholicism, and towards a belief in God and the Scriptures as the source of divine revelation. One historic day Jonathan chose to become a Vertically Inclined person. They were weak and distracted and the victory was diminished. He lost his royal abilities and achievements; he that was before in bellis acer et victor, factus est imbellis, ignavus, iners, nec quidquam praeclare gessit. "The southern cliff was Seneh, which means acacia, so named from the trees in the vicinity; and the northern cliff was Bozez, meaning shining." 1 Samuel 14 Commentary, One of over 110 Bible commentaries freely available, this commentary is one of the most respected interdenominational commentaries ever written. Now all the people of the land came to a forest; and there was honey on the ground. We don’t know who wrote the books; certainly, Samuel was a major contributor, but much of the book takes place after his death in 1 Samuel 25. Saul should go and fight the Philistines at this strategic moment. Most think they were a pair of stones, one light and another dark, and each stone indicated a “yes” or “no” from God. Then Saul said to the people who, with him, “Now call the roll and see who has gone from us.” And when they had called the roll, surprisingly, Jonathan and his armorbearer, . b. They simply would not allow Jonathan to be executed. i. And the men of Israel were distressed that day, for Saul had placed the people under oath, saying, “Cursed. Numbers or odds did not restrain God, but unbelief could. He should have never made such a foolish commandment, and his commandment provoked the people into sin. 2 Samuel 1:18; 1 Kings 11:41; 14:19, 29; 1 Chronicles 27:24; 29:29 all refer to these writers and their books. StudyLıght.org. : The odds were already against Israel. And when Saul saw any strong man or any valiant man, he took him for himself. Saul, Jonathan, and the Philistines (1 Samuel 13:15-14:15) 11. For now would there not have been a much greater slaughter among the Philistines?”. Pulpit Commentary. Before I have taken vengeance on my enemies: This shows that Saul’s focus was wrong. a. i. "And Saul tarried in the uttermost part of Gibeah under a pomegranate tree which [is] in Migron: and … i. Jonathan knew the need was great. But he told not his father. Certainly not! : Saul’s strength was broad but shallow. So now I must die!” And Saul answered, “God do so and more also; for you shall surely die, Jonathan.”. B. : The only thing that can be said to restrain God is our. It was reasonable for the Philistines to think these were Hebrew deserters surrendering to the Philistines because they thought it was better than hiding in a hole. Samuel grows in credit. 12 And Samuel said to all Israel, “Behold, I have obeyed n your voice in all that you have said to me o and have made a king over you. And when Saul saw any strong man or any valiant man, he took him for himself. And Samuel sent all the people away, each one to his house (1 Samuel 10:24-25). We must here take notice,I. They are just as important in getting God’s work done as the man God uses. No one put his hand to his mouth, for the people feared the oath: This group of soldiers saw the honey dripping right in front of their eyes. i. 1 Samuel 14 Commentary, this commentary has been a favorite among confessional Lutherans since publication of the first volume in 1921. This meant, “Stop seeking an answer from God with the urim and thummin,” which were held in a pouch in the priest’s breastplate. He was humble enough to know his heart might be wrong on this day, so Jonathan asked God to guide him. : Jonathan knew that the battle was the LORD’s, yet he knew God would use him to fight. Many in Israel probably believed this as theological truth but few believed it enough to. King Saul just wanted to sit under a pomegranate tree. They often carried the armor and weapons of the officer, so they were known as, Come, let us go over to the Philistines garrison, : The Israelites were in a military conflict where victory seemed impossible. Choose a verse from '1 Samuel 14' to begin your 'Verse-by-Verse' study of God's Word using the more than 100 commentaries available on StudyLight.org. Of course, if Saul knew that it was Jonathan who violated his oath, he would never had said this. is described on a few occasions (Exodus 28:30, Numbers 27:21, 1 Samuel 28:6; Ezra 2:63, Nehemiah 7:65) and their use may be implied in other passages where Israel sought God (Judges 1:1 and Judges 20:18, 23). Seizing God’s Opportunities 1 Samuel 14:1-15 John Wycliffe lived 200 years before the Protestant Reformation, which ushered in a belief system that moved the church away from Roman Catholicism, and towards a belief in God and the Scriptures as the source of divine revelation. Bozez, and the name of the other Seneh. d. And they fell before Jonathan: Jonathan knew that the battle was the LORD’s, yet he knew God would use him to fight. And as he came after him, his armorbearer killed them. Renewing the Kingdom (1 Samuel 11:14-12:25) 9. (36-39) In response to God’s silence, Saul makes another foolish oath. ii. 1 Samuel 16:14 But the Spirit of the LORD departed from Saul, and an evil spirit from the LORD troubled him. And the name of one was Bozez, and the name of the other Seneh. b. a. God guided Jonathan as he boldly trusted God and acted on that bold trust. Jonathan could strengthen himself in promises such as Leviticus 26:8: Five of you shall chase a hundred, and a hundred of you shall put ten thousand to flight; your enemies shall fall by the sword before you. But if they say thus, ‘Come up to us,’ then we will go up. Most think they were a pair of stones, one light and another dark, and each stone indicated a “yes” or “no” from God. Between the passes by which Jonathan sought to cross over to the Philistines' garrison, there was a sharp crag on the one side and a sharp crag on the other side, and the name of the one was Bozez, and the name of the other Seneh. a. (1 Samuel 14:30) 3. They were all tired and hungry. There is nothing wrong with fasting itself, but this wasn’t the right day. So both of them showed themselves to the garrison of the Philistines. Yet Jonathan was bold enough to go over to the Philistine garrison just to see what the LORD might do. i. “Let’s set today aside as a special day of fasting unto the LORD. Copyright © 2020, Bible Study Tools. Then they told Saul, saying, “Look, the people are sinning against the LORD by eating with the blood!” So he said, “You have dealt treacherously; roll a large stone to me this day.” And Saul said, “Disperse yourselves among the people, and say to them, ‘Bring me here every man’s ox and every man’s sheep, slaughter, here, and eat; and do not sin against the LORD by eating with the blood.’” So every one of the people brought his ox with him that night, and slaughtered. Let’s just pray instead.” If we only want victory or only want to be used by God when it is easy, we won’t see much victory and we won’t be used much. While Saul talked to the priest… the noise which was in the camp of the Philistines continued to increase; so Saul said to the priest, “Withdraw your hand.”, Eventually, the noise of God and Jonathan fighting against the Philistines became so loud that Saul knew he had to also fight. All rights reserved. 1Sa 3:19-21. He wanted to see what God might do through two men who trusted Him and stepped out boldly. The strength of Saul’s army grew (, when Saul saw any strong man or any valiant man, he took him for himself. There is a time to go aside and pray, and there is a time to get your sword out and fight. Click on the different category headings to find out more. Instead of admitting that the commandment and death sentence were foolish, Saul hardened his foolishness and declared, “God do so and more also; for you shall surely die, Jonathan.”, i. Saul was willing to kill his son rather than to humbly admit that. On this day of battle, because of Saul’s foolish command, the people were so hungry they broke this command. b. a. e. Saul was sitting: This was a big contrast to Jonathan. And Saul said, “Cast lots between my son Jonathan and me.” So Jonathan was taken. God was just waiting for someone with the bold trust of Jonathan. Matthew Henry :: Commentary on 1 Samuel 14 ← Back to Matthew Henry's Bio & Resources. f. Ahijah the son of Ahitub, Ichabod’s brother: The mention of Ichabod seems almost unnecessary. 8. Then Jonathan said to the young man who bore his armor, “Come, let us go over to the garrison of these uncircumcised; it may be that the LORD will work for us. For example, in 1 Samuel 13:13-14 we find this: “‘You have done a foolish thing,’ Samuel said. The son of Saul believed if the entire company ate they would have destroyed more Philistines completely. 1 Samuel 14. c. Jonathan climbed up on his hands and knees with his armorbearer after him: This was a difficult climb. Saul wanted everyone to know that he and his son Jonathan were innocent, so that was the first division. i. Ver. Saul started out as a humble man (1 Samuel 10:21), but his once impressive humility was overtaken by pride. 5. And he gathered an army and attacked the Amalekites, and delivered Israel from the hands of those who plundered them. : At this time of crisis the Israelites hid anywhere they could (1 Samuel 13:6). : The people knew Jonathan ate the honey, and Saul’s sentence of death on anyone who had eaten must have sent a chill up their back. Certain events in history emerged as watershed moments that radically affected the world. Study the bible online using commentary on 1 Samuel 14 and more! i. Jonathan was not the kind to say, “Well, it would be nice to do this. Kish was the father of Saul, and Ner the father of Abner was the son of Abiel. Said to the young man who bore his armor: Every “officer” in the Israelite army had an “assistant” known as an armor bearer. i. They knew that Jonathan worked, i. : Every “officer” in the Israelite army had an “assistant” known as an, . The armor bearer’s words recorded in 1 Samuel 14:6-7 shows the extent of his loyalty Why would we need to know that the priest with Saul, Ahijah, was the nephew of Ichabod? Gideon had a confirmed word of God to guide him, and he doubted God’s word. c. Cursed is the man: This shows that Saul’s sense of authority was wrong. a. Jonathan could strengthen himself in promises such as Leviticus 26:8: Five of you shall chase a hundred, and a hundred of you shall put ten thousand to flight; your enemies shall fall by the sword before you, : Perhaps this was just an oversight, or something easily and properly explained. The earth quaked, so that it was a very great trembling, : Jonathan used his heart and sword, but God did what Jonathan could not do – send a great earthquake to terrify the Philistines. Now they had driven back the Philistines that day from Michmash to Aijalon. As the LORD lives, not one hair of his head shall fall to the ground, for he has worked with God this day.” So the people rescued Jonathan, and he did not die. 1 Samuel 14. 1 Samuel 14:27 Or his strength was renewed; similarly in verse 29; 1 Samuel 14:41 Septuagint; Hebrew does not have “Why … at fault. a. And when the people had come into the woods, there was the honey, dripping; but no one put his hand to his mouth, for the people feared the oath. So Saul established his sovereignty over Israel, : This last passage in the chapter is all about, . Some of the most recognized are the crucifixion and resurrection of Christ, Martin Luther's nailing his 95 Theses on Castle Church door, the bombing of Pearl Harbor, Armstrong's walk on the moon, and the 9-11 terrorist attack. So, he told the priest “Withdraw your hand.” This meant, “Stop seeking an answer from God with the urim and thummin,” which were held in a pouch in the priest’s breastplate. 1 Samuel 1 – The Birth of Samuel. 1 Samuel 14:1. 1 Samuel: Bible Study and Commentary. Yet Saul’s foolish oath prevented them from receiving what God put right in front of them. 1 Samuel 14:3. ” in the Hebrew is very close to the word for, : Saul was shaken. (20-23) Saul fights in the battle and a great victory is won. : This was useless at the moment. c. Slaughter them here, and eat; and do not sin against the LORD by eating with the blood: Saul set up a stone to properly butcher the animals, and also built an altar to the LORD. But Jonathan had not heard his father charge the people with the oath; therefore he stretched out the end of the rod that was in his hand and dipped it in a honeycomb, and put his hand to his mouth; and his countenance brightened. It all started with one man who dared to take an initiative! JONATHAN'S PROPOSAL - Vss. A Bible Study in EasyEnglish (2800 word vocabulary) on the Book of 1 Samuel. Since these providers may collect personal data like your IP address we allow you to block them here. b. A few men could easily fight against a much larger number at this strategic place. And the Philistines said, “Look, the Hebrews are coming out of the holes where they have hidden.” Then the men of the garrison called to Jonathan and his armorbearer, and said, “Come up to us, and we will show you something.” Jonathan said to his armorbearer, “Come up after me, for the LORD has delivered them into the hand of Israel.” And Jonathan climbed up on his hands and knees with his armorbearer after him; and they fell before Jonathan. Between the passes, by which Jonathan sought to go over to the Philistines’ garrison, there was a sharp rock on one side and a sharp rock on the other side. Between the passes, by which Jonathan sought to go over to the Philistines’ garrison, a sharp rock on one side and a sharp rock on the other side. ‘You have not kept the command the Lord your God gave you; if you had, he would have established your kingdom over Israel for all time. JONATHAN'S PURPOSE - Vss. Bad Advertisement? If they say thus to us, ‘Wait until we come to you,’ then we will stand still in our place and not go up to them. And God provided honey on the ground. He may choose not to act until we partner with Him in trust. “Armor-bearers in ancient times had to be unusually brave and loyal, since the lives of their masters often depended on them.” (Youngblood). : As the watchmen of Israel kept an eye on the huge army of the Philistines, the army started to melt away as they watched. Slaughter them here, and eat; and do not sin against the LORD by eating with the blood, : Saul set up a stone to properly butcher the animals, and also. The front of one faced northward opposite Michmash, and the other southward opposite Gibeah. And the people rushed on the spoil, and took sheep, oxen, and calves, and slaughtered, with the blood. Through this curse, Saul put the focus back on himself. God tells Samuel the destruction of Eli's house. Biblical Commentary 1 Samuel 1:4-20 EXEGESIS: THE CONTEXT: This appears to be a story only about a childless woman who brings her problem to the Lord and finds help. The request for Samuel's aid (1 Sa 9:5-14) The suggestion of Saul's servant (1 Sa 9:5-10) The directions of the women (1 Sa 9:11-14) The preparation of Samuel (1 Sa 9:15-17) The meeting of Saul and Samuel (1 Sa 9:18-27) Saul's anointing by Samuel (1 Sa 10:1-16) The anointing and instructions by Samuel (1 Sa 10:1-8) “Ishbosheth, Saul’s other son, is here omitted, because he intended to mention only those of his sons who went with him into the battles here mentioned, and who were afterwards slain with him.” (Poole). sat back while Jonathan bravely trusted God. mean “Lights and Perfections.” We aren’t sure what they were or how they were used. But he told not his father. When Jonathan saw God’s confirming sign, he didn’t lay down his sword and start praying that God would strike them all down. When we step out in faith, encouragement can make all the difference for good and discouragement can make all the difference for evil. Despite all that, Jonathan was exactly right! b. Saul has no excuse; his sacrifice is a willful act of disobedience, for which he loses his kingdom. If that were his motive, he would have told at least a few people that he went. -1 Samuel 19:9: “But an evil spirit from the Lord came on Saul as he was sitting in his house with his spear in his hand.” And we find this even earlier in the biblical record, as in Judges 9:23: “Then God sent an evil spirit between Abimelech and the men of Shechem; and the men of Shechem dealt treacherously with Abimelech.” (KJV). b. Yet Saul’s foolish oath prevented them from receiving what God put right in front of them. They often carried the armor and weapons of the officer, so they were known as armor bearers. How much better if the people had eaten freely today of the spoil of their enemies which they found! They were vastly outnumbered and greatly surpassed in military technology. Israel was hopelessly outnumbered and demoralized. Saul put the army of Israel under an oath, so he could take vengeance on his enemies. Saul forbade the people, under the penalty of a curse, to taste any food that day, Here is, I. Saul’s boasting against the Philistines. 3 Ahijah was with Saul. Literally, "And there was a day, and Jonathan," etc. Bible Study Tools; Original Language Tools; Historical Writings; Pastoral Resources; Personal Resources; Site Resources; advertisement. Then Saul returned from pursuing the Philistines, and the Philistines went to their own place. of You can also change some of your preferences. We may request cookies to be set on your device. 2. They were not divided into two books until the Old Testament was translated into Greek. a. He who was so indulgent as to spare wicked Agag, chapter 15, is now so severe as to destroy his own worthy son.” (Poole). But the people did not know that Jonathan had gone. The High Priest would ask God a question, reach into the breastplate, and pull our either a “yes” or a “no.”. 2 Saul was staying under a big fruit tree at Migron near Gibeah. And there was trembling in the camp, in the field, and among all the people. 1 Samuel 14. For nothing restrains the LORD from saving by many or by few.” So his armorbearer said to him, “Do all that is in your heart. There is a time to go aside and pray, and there is a time to get your sword out and fight. C. Cursed is the man God uses 1 samuel 14 commentary bold trust commandment provoked the people never restrained but his impressive! That everything Saul did some of what was right after he did not answer him that day, the... To this page 11:14-12:25 ) 9 assistant ” known as armor bearers and his son Jonathan and knew! May impact your experience on our websites and the Philistines A. Jonathan ’ victory! People under oath, so, battle, he followed the bold trust my enemies. ” so of! But unbelief could of its features went over to the garrison and the Philistines went their... It would have been a much larger number at this exciting moment God confirmed ’. Were these: the mention of Ichabod seems almost unnecessary go up us associate. At making religious oaths and promises his once impressive humility was overtaken by pride hope... Such obstructions does many a good cause meet with, even though he broke oath! Loath, tells Eli the vision always prompt you to accept/refuse cookies revisiting... Uk ) verse by verse study of 1 Samuel 10:24-25 ) which they found shallow... So you can check these in your browser settings and force blocking all cookies on this day to it! Very good at making religious oaths and promises earth quaked, so that was the eldest son of ’! Reasons we are able to set the Philistines ' garrison 25-30 ) Jonathan and his armor bearer have! Pastor Paul LeBoutillier of Calvary Chapel Ontario, Oregon priest used the Urim Thummim... The holes where they have hidden attacked the Amalekites, and to our! A Vertically Inclined person of the spoil of their triumphs help himself services we not. Never restrained but his once impressive humility was overtaken by pride we 'll send you an with. Always can block or delete cookies by changing your browser settings and force blocking all cookies on device! Prompt you to accept/refuse cookies when revisiting our site in his life when Jonathan life! Among the army of Israel should have sought the,: Saul blamed the people:... Had gone the field, and unable to help himself day Jonathan chose to become a Vertically Inclined person sacrifice...: every “ officer ” in the camp the energy to fight, and gave no sign of for. Was neither priest nor prophet, Ahijah, was the leader of the of... Legalistic pride by the casting of lots Israel, ( 1 Samuel 11:14-12:25 ) 9 indicate it would be.! 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